What Are The 7 Elements Of Interior Design

7 Elements of Interior Design

When it comes to interior design, the number seven is frequently considered to be a magical number. For creative ideas if you’re feeling stuck in your home décor, look no further than the seven aspects and principles of interior design. You might be amazed at how much you can learn by going back to the very beginning of your education. Simply continue reading to find out for yourself!

What Are the 7 Basic Elements of Interior Design?

“The whole is greater than the sum of its parts,” as the ancient adage says. A same principle holds true for interior design, which is actually just an illusion generated by skillfully harmonizing various aspects. For example, understanding the components that go into your favorite dishes will assist you in mastering the art of culinary creation. In the same manner, understanding about the design aspects that are used to create your preferred styles will assist you in mastering the art of interior design.

They are as follows:


Color is more than simply a matter of personal preference; it may also have an impact on the overall mood and atmosphere of a room. For example, most people identify red with the terms “passionate” or “intense,” whereas blues and greens are typically associated with the words “tranquil” or “soothing,” and yellow is frequently associated with the words “happy” and “optimistic,” among other things. When choosing a color scheme for your space, keep in mind not just your own tastes, but also the type of vibe or attitude you’re attempting to create.


“Form” is simply another word for “form,” and it may be used to describe the contours of any artwork, furniture, or other three-dimensional item you can think of. Organic forms (which are natural and irregular, with curving or abstract shapes) and geometric forms (which are straight and regular, with curvy or abstract shapes) are two types of forms that may be found in furniture, sculpture, and even rooms themselves (which feature sharp, man-made lines and edges, like squares or triangles).


Have you ever cringed when you looked at a snapshot that was taken in poor lighting conditions? Then you’re already aware of the influence that lighting has on our perception of things! Quality lighting is essential to every place, regardless of whether the light comes from natural sources, artificial sources, or a combination of both. Thinking about elements such as the color of the light (cool blue or warm yellow? ), the intensity of the light (intense for cooking, or gentle for reading?) and whether the light should be controllable when choosing lighting for your space are important considerations.


If you think of a line as the perimeter surrounding a form or shape, you are correct. For example, if you were to draw any object in the room, you would most likely begin by sketching its shape first. Lines might be “vertical” (that is, going up and down), “horizontal” (that is, going side to side), or “dynamic” (lines that express motion, like zig-zags or curlicues).

According to design experts, horizontal lines evoke a sense of stability, but vertical lines are expressive and strong in their expression. The usage of dynamic lines, which have their own set of principles, may provide a playful and engaging element to any room when they are placed wisely.


A pattern is the deliberate repetition of shapes, lines, or other design elements in a visual composition. However, patterns do not have to be limited to wallpaper or fabrics; they may be seen in a variety of settings throughout the home, including the use of light and other design aspects. While patterns may bring a sense of movement and energy to a room, too many conflicting patterns can make a space appear cluttered, so be selective when selecting your favorite prints.


Texture, which should not be confused with pattern, is the way an item feels. This might refer to the way a thing feels when it is touched, or it can refer to the sensations that are evoked by merely looking at the object. By utilizing texture in a creative manner, you might, for example, describe a surface as “weathered” or “vintage” without ever having to physically interact with it. Taking careful consideration of texture is especially crucial in areas of the home that you will be in contact with on a regular basis, such as your floors.


Finally, but certainly not least, space is at the center of practically every design choice. There are two fundamental forms of space to consider: 2-D space (which accounts for the length and breadth of a room) and 3-D space (which accounts for the height and depth of a room) (which covers height). Carpets and rugs, for example, need just 2-D space considerations; but, when adding new shelves or furniture, 3-D space considerations must be taken into consideration. Also vital is to leave adequate “negative” space or vacant space to enable for seamless and simple navigating of the site (and break the room up visually).

Get More Interior Decorating and Style Ideas From My Design Finder

Allow color, shape, space, texture, pattern, line, and light to serve as your guides as you navigate the interior design world. However, if you want further guidance, you should visit My Design Finder, where you will be paired with unique design suggestions. Get in touch with us online or call (866) 439-6743 now to learn more about how beautiful bespoke flooring can showcase your own style – and maybe even help you save money on your energy bill.

Visualize Your Flooring Dreams

Want to see what your new flooring will look like in your house before you buy them? My Floor Style, our room visualizer, is a good place to start. Upload a photo of your space, choose your preferred design preferences, and take a virtual tour of the many flooring options available. There are no surprises when it comes to My Floor Style. There are only gorgeous new floors.

7 Elements of Interior Design

While selecting the right cushions and drapes to bring the area together is important, contemporary interior design is much more than just making that decision. We at Frankel Building Group think that interior design is both a science and an art form! It has everything to do with how our minds and bodies react to the environment in which we are. Moreover, it is the responsibility of an interior designer to mold such sentiments or experiences in a way that encourages people to spend more time in a certain space.

It’s a lot more of a mental game than most people are aware of. Fortunately, you may decorate your house by following the seven fundamental principles of interior design.

Let’s talk about these building blocks and how they may help you get started on your road to constructing the home interior of your dreams. What are they?

1. Space

When it comes to interior design, all seven of the factors on this list are essential, but space is possibly the most difficult to get properly. Because, after all, interior design is concerned with the design of inside spaces. Any home remodeling program you’ve seen in the last decade has included a “open concept” floor plan, and you’re probably familiar with the term. Specifically, this particular kind of home is preoccupied with space, particularly the balance of negative and positive space.

  • Negative space is defined as the empty space that gives a room a high and “open” feeling. Positive space refers to the area that has been decorated with items such as a couch in the living room, a dining table, and a kitchen island.

As a result of removing the walls in an open concept-style house, your brain perceives the space as being larger than it would be if the barriers were still present. This is only one example of how interior design affects the human brain’s function. Additionally, an interior designer must consider the space above the furniture in a 2D floor plan, in addition to the positive and negative spaces that exist.

  • Are the ceilings very high, and do I want to bring attention to the ceiling in order to emphasize a particular feature? Should I keep my gaze down to the ground in order to highlight the wonderful furniture quality
  • Or

Making a delicate balance between these two types of space — without being too crowded, yet without becoming overly empty — is the key to success. And it’s dependent on your location in a way that’s really unique.

2. Lines

Line is another another feature that interior designers may use to influence how our brain perceives spatial relationships. There are three sorts of lines that are commonly used: Use horizontal lines, for example, if you want to create a more earthy, comfortable, homey, and stable atmosphere. Vertical lines, on the other hand, provide the impression of a room being high and airy.

Horizontal Lines

Horizontal lines can help to create a more quiet and pleasant atmosphere in a room. They help to anchor the area while also making it appear broader and more open. However, if you use this design feature in excess, your room will rapidly become monotone, losing the aesthetic appeal that comes with vertical and dynamic lines.

Vertical Lines

Vertical lines, which are perpendicular to horizontal lines, lead your attention upward. In the case of a beautiful tin ceiling tile in your home, a competent interior designer will integrate vertical lines that unconsciously raise your eyes up to draw attention to that feature. Vertical lines, on the other hand, might make individuals feel constrained if they are employed too frequently and excessively.

Dynamic Lines

These lines imply a sense of motion and excitement. They are dynamic, and they stimulate your eyes to “travel” in the direction of the line or to observe the pattern that is being shown. Lines that are zigzagging, angular, or curving fit into this category because they each have a particular movement or influence on the sense of a place. Zigzag and angular lines infuse vigor and liveliness into a space, whilst smooth and curving lines add softness, smoothness, and harmony to the environment. This is demonstrated in ourGallery of bespoke houses, which you may view here.

The lines of dwellings grow cleaner and less intricate as they progress from traditional to transitional to finally modern and contemporary. They become less curved and more angular as they progress from traditional to transitional to modern and contemporary.

3. Form or Shape

A form is any collection of lines that results in the formation of a shape. Lines, whether horizontal, vertical, or dynamic, are responsible for the formation of forms. These forms can be either geometric (angular) or organic in nature (curved). They may also be either open or closed at any time. When an interior designer has a good grip of your own style, they may mix and combine forms to create whatever atmosphere you like in your house, whether it’s earthy, modern, warm, cold, or whatever you desire in your home.

4. Pattern

A pattern is made up of a collection of lines and shapes, which makes it a member of the “line” family of components, which also includes the shape. Patterns, like forms, draw attention to a certain section of your home, whether it’s the ceiling, stairwell, or walls. It is possible to get this impression by using a bold statement wallpaper or a bright color pop on a wall. Patterns do not have to be tied to the walls in any way. You can use them almost anywhere, from the grain of wood to picture frames, draperies, cushions, and other decorative elements.

5. Light

The term “mood lighting” refers to a type of lighting that is used in interior design. If you’ve ever heard of it, you’re probably familiar with this concept. Because different forms of light connote distinct moods, light may be used to set the tone of any room. Natural light may evoke feelings of warmth and pleasure, but artificial fluorescent lighting can make a room appear cold and sterile in comparison. In order to properly illuminate a room, it is necessary to understand the two primary forms of lighting and how each contributes to the overall atmosphere of the area.

Natural Lighting

Natural light sources may bring out the most in your stunning paint colors or draw attention to a particular piece of furniture that you’ve been longing to show off. A totally personalized home allows the interior designer to precisely place the windows and doors to enable the appropriate quantity of natural light to flow into every interior area in the home. Apart from that, designers may manage light through the use of curtains, shades, and drapes.

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Artificial Lighting

Artificial lighting can be used in situations when natural lighting is insufficient, or when designers want to draw attention to a certain art piece or create a certain atmosphere. Among your alternatives are:

  • Lighting for chores: This is self-explanatory
  • It is lighting that aids you in the completion of duties such as desk lighting or ceiling lighting in the kitchen, among other things. Accent Lighting: This type of lighting is used to draw attention to a particular feature in your house, such as art pieces, sculptures, chandeliers, or even the architecture of your home. The use of ambient lighting, rather than task lighting or task assistance, enhances the overall atmosphere of a room or area of work. It’s the “mood lighting” we were talking about previously.

6. Color

Colors in interior design convey certain signals and emotions, much like traffic lights do while driving, since our brains have been built to see them in a specific way, just as they do when driving. It is the interior designer’s responsibility to control these elements in order to create the ideal atmosphere in your house. We won’t go into detail on the color wheel here, but it’s crucial to understand that various colors elicit different emotions.

For example, the color green denotes tranquillity and peace, whereas the color red represents strong hunger, and the color purple represents monarchy. Because of this, it is critical to consider the color palette you want to utilize in each room of your house.

7. Texture

However, while texture is typically associated with how something feels, interior designers must also consider how textures seem and feel. It is possible to edit both visual and actual textures to get the desired effect. There are two sorts of textures: visual textures and actual textures.

Actual Texture

This is how a substance genuinely feels in its entirety. Silk, for example, has a silky feel, but linen can be sharp and harsh in feel. Leather, on the other hand, is likewise smooth, but it has an entirely different appearance from that of silk.

Visual Texture

Visual texture refers to how something looks to feel to your eyes when you look at it. While stone wallpaper, for example, isn’t precisely the same as genuine stone, it creates the appearance of stone, which is more rustic and traditional in style than it is modern. It is inevitable that a mix of these seven criteria will be used to create high-quality interior design. Color, lines, and space can all be properly combined and balanced when you know how to do it. This is when you can genuinely convert your house into something you could never have imagined.

Here are some ideas to get you started.

Alternatively, you may discover more about our unique design process by visiting ourInterior Designpage.

What Are The 7 Elements Of Interior Design

Has the thought of shopping for a sofa, choosing the perfect paint color, or deciding on the correct flooring for your house ever made you feel overwhelmed? If this is the case, there’s no doubt that you understand precisely what I’m talking about when I say that interior design is a difficult undertaking. Because the stakes are so high, this is a bummer. For example, if you’re replacing all of the flooring in your house, you’ll want to make sure you do it properly since it’s a significant investment, and you’ll want to make sure you choose something you’ll be satisfied with for a long time when the time comes to replace it.

Add to that the fact that you have to make decisions about the casing and millwork, paint colors, door styles, door hardware, as well as any electrical layouts and furniture space planning.

The point at which you realize that the innumerable permutations +what feels like overwhelming decision-making that comes into play makes the entire experience of decorating your house feel less like HGTV and more like a god-awful migraine is right around the corner, hunny honey.

I get what you’re saying. No, truly, I understand your distress. And it’s because of this that we tackled a subject this week: what are the seven components of interior design that we utilize to make everything appear so.magical?


In terms of interior design, space is the first aspect that we start with since it serves as an anchor to your house in a way that seems natural and intuitive to you. However, the difficulty with space is that you don’t want to overcrowd a place with too many items or make it appear disappointing and empty at the same time. So, what is the best way to go about it? One of the most important things to do is to look at space from several different viewpoints. First as a two-dimensional (2D) image, and then as a three-dimensional (3D) image (3D).

Two-Dimensional Space — the length and width of the room.

For the most straightforward and most immediately practical explanation for why two-dimensional space is such an essential perspective is that it allows us to begin thinking about furniture layout from the standpoint of birds-eye view. It is true that if you are going to load a room with furniture, you want to make sure that it is useful and that there is plenty of space for people to move around and flow effortlessly around the area, right? From length to breadth, the last thing you want is furniture that seems to be either too large or too little for the available area.

Three-Dimensional Space — the height of the room.

Whenever we think of three-dimensional space, we’re thinking about the vast amount of space that we have accessible to us; from the ground up to the walls and all the way up to the ceiling, for example. And believe me when I say that if you’ve ever been in a room that lacked three-dimensional space, you’ll be able to tell right away (since it’s no secret). Perhaps it was a chilly and empty area, or perhaps it was a room that felt uncomfortable because all of the furniture was the same height as the ceiling.

Furthermore, while we’re thinking about space in terms of dimensions, there are a few other considerations that we always want to keep in mind.

Negative Space — where the absence of something creates an expansive feeling.

When I go off on a tangent and start talking about the significance of having enough of negative space in a home, my father-in-law always cracks a funny wisecrack (yes, he’s a true jokester *wink*). The removal of a wall, the lowering of a breakfast bar to standard countertop height, or another method of incorporating negative space in a room is by not having artwork hanging on every wall because this, my friend, gives your mind and body a moment to be at ease are all examples of liberating experiences.

This is a topic I ask myself on a regular basis in my professional life and when designing environments for our clients.

Positive Space — where the presence of one thing creates room for something else.

Positive space may be created by the presence of a mantel over a fireplace, which serves as a focal point for the room while also directing the viewer’s attention to a specific location.

Or, even better, how a huge sectional offers plenty of space in a room for everyone to unwind and unwind some more. Choosing how you will use space in your house is an important first step, but it is not the only aspect of interior design to take into consideration.


Color is significantly more than just a matter of personal preference. Interestingly enough, one of the most amazing aspects of color is that it is such an extraordinarily strong tool that it can sometimes have an immediate and direct affect on our mood, our sentiments, and even, believe it or not, some of our physical actions without us ever recognizing it. On a recent road trip, while we spent the majority of our time piling up a few hundred highway miles, anytime we’d stop for gas or pull over to take a little hike along the route, we’d ask Brooklyn to search for and point out different colors that she could see.

  • We’d ask him questions like: what does a green light mean?
  • What exactly does a red light signify?
  • Color has the capacity to produce both positive and negative energy in your house in the same way that our minds get the conclusion that green indicates go + and red means stop.
  • What kind of interactions does our family have in this space?
  • Note: If you’re like the majority of people and are having trouble deciding on a paint color, stop fretting and schedule a design consultation.
  • Overall, the brighter and larger the area, the more freedom you should have to experiment with darker hues.
  • Furthermore, while paint is extremely significant, it is only one method of introducing color into your house.
  • We prefer to create a neutral backdrop and then introduce color with thought and purpose.
  • Nonetheless, once we begin to think about color, we find ourselves pressing up against the border of another interior design element: light.


Light, like color, has the ability to establish the tone of a place; this is why it is sometimes referred to as “mood lighting” in interior design.

However, light, like color, has the ability to elicit both good and negative emotions, making it a crucial design element to consider. There are two forms of illumination in each space, to give you an idea of what I’m talking about.

Natural Light — fairly self-explanatory, natural light is the source of light available to you through the doors or windows of a home.

Natural light is a fantastic problem to have since you can use window draperies + window coverings to not only filter the amount of light that enters a room, but you can also regulate the whole vibe of the area by adjusting the amount of light that comes in through the windows. Natural light emanates a sense of warmth and pleasure, but if it is not filtered properly or is not used in an aesthetically acceptable manner, it may be harsh and uncomfortable to be around. Oh, you know the feeling of being stuck in a chair on a hot summer afternoon, sweating buckets, while pretending it doesn’t matter *wink*.

Artificial Light — a complimentary source of light to what already exists in the space used with intentionality.

In particular, the last part of the statement, “used with intentionality,” is critical since there are several sorts of artificial lights to consider when deciding on the ideal light for your area, and a room with insufficient lighting is uninviting.

  • A task light is one that provides enough illumination in a specified region without illuminating the entire room. Accent lighting is meant to draw attention to (or function as a focal point in) a particular area of your home. Ambient Lighting – This is the starting point for a space’s lighting design. It provides us with the minimum amount of light in a room. However, if utilized judiciously, it may be used to generate subtle “mood lighting,” which gives you all the sensations while also creating atmosphere.

Most well-designed rooms include a range of light sources, including natural light as well as various forms of artificial lighting, which is the reality when it comes to lighting. However, in order to get the lighting just perfect, you must take into consideration the activities that are taking on in the space. For example, if you’re building a reading nook, it’s a good bet that you’ll need a task light to keep your eyes from straining. In contrast, if you’re constructing a corridor on the main level of your house, where guests will be passing through, you might want to consider including an accent light or two.


The term “form” is sometimes used to refer to this element of design, but what they’re actually talking about is the shape of things like furniture, millwork, artwork, decorative accessories, and, to some degree, even the physical walls of a room. There are two guiding principles of forms that we utilize when building a room, and while excellent design almost always incorporates both of them, one of them is more dominating than the other.

Geometric Shapes

Interior designers that use geometric shapes in their work may use furniture, millwork, or accessories that have harsh lines or angular edges to them.

Natural Shapes

The term “natural or organic forms” refers to shapes seen in nature, as well as furniture, millwork, and artwork that incorporates curves. A sense of free-flowing or relaxed energy may be evoked in a place by using shapes seen in nature. In any scenario, as an interior designer, we advocate mixing both shapes and layering them into the area to get the desired effect. As soon as I see a room I automatically break it down into smaller geometric forms, which helps to guarantee that the overall size of the furniture or decorative items is in proportion to that of the rest of the room.

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It is the lines that are there in every single room that we are talking about when we talk about the way our brain sees space (or, more specifically, how we actually sense space in a room). The concept of developing leading lines is something we discuss with customers frequently since it is a great method to generate movement by accentuating or attracting attention towards a focal point + it goes a long way towards creating an appealing area to be in. Lines can draw you in several directions: horizontally into a space, such as a long wall wainscoting down a hallway that evokes a sense of security; vertically into a space, such as a long wall wainscoting down a hallway that evokes a sense of security; and vertically into a space, such as a long wall wainscoting down a hallway that evokes a sense of security.

A long story short, a space that seems like a beautiful jewel of outstanding interior design is one that has a solid balance of both horizontal and vertical lines.

But what about lines that are angular or curved, which are more expressive? It is possible that these dynamic lines will give the impression of more movement in a place; yet, they are also excellent for bringing vibrance and vitality to a space in a fun, whimsical, or even surprising way.


Patterns are another another sort of expressive energy that may manifest itself in almost any way that can be imagined. While integrating pattern into a house may be performed by selecting a wall covering or specific design on a rug or piece of furniture, pattern can be achieved in other ways as well. Pattern, like dynamic lines, gives movement or motion to a place. While too much pattern may be distracting, the repetition of windows with equal space between them or the repetition of window draperies throughout a floor can create the ideal harmony of continuity.

In any case, patterns should be used with intention, with attention given to the size of the room, since too many different patterns can become overwhelming in a small area.


Texture is one of my top favorite design components to work with. Okay, let’s be honest: I adore them all, but there is a special place in my heart for incorporating layers of texture into the home. In reality, when it comes to creating a space with a lot of texture, one of the difficulties is that texture has both an appearance and, more often than not, a touch to consider.

Physical Textures

Whether it’s tactile rugs that feel good underfoot, sturdy textiles that are comfortable to sit on, or smooth and simple to clean surfaces, physical textures that you can feel are an important design feature to consider. They give the area a three-dimensional sensation, which allows you to create a lot of depth with them.

Visual Only Textures

Texture is a fairly self-explanatory design feature, at least until you consider the possibility that a texture is simply visible and not tactile. A wall may appear to be a stonewall to the naked eye, but when you come up close and touch it, it is shown to be nothing more than a wall covering. It is an optical illusion. Phew! I know it seems like a lot, but establishing a house you’ll never want to leave takes time and practice. After all, home should serve as a reminder to slow down, spend time with those you care about, and do the things you like doing the most.

Please contact us if you require assistance; we would be happy to speak with you.


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Explaining the 7 Elements of Interior Design

When building a place from the ground up, most interior designers and decorators rely on seven fundamental factors to ensure that the area is well-balanced. In this article, we’ll go over each of these features in further detail to assist you in your own interior decorating endeavors. The first element is space. The first thing an interior designer will do is go around the room they’ll be decorating to get a feel of its size. Knowing the overall size of the space, as well as the locations of doors and windows, is critical to creating a seamless design.

  • It seems more welcome when there is a good balance between positive and negative space in the design.
  • In addition to providing structure, lines may also inspire creativity and provide a feeling of direction.
  • Horizontal lines are frequently found in furniture such as tables, chairs, and other such items.
  • A stairwell, for example, has dynamic lines that beckon the viewer to take action.
  • The term “form” refers to the general forms of the room.
  • There are two sorts of patterns: geometric and natural patterns.
  • Plants, for example, are examples of organic forms.

Light is the fourth element.

It is necessary to strike a balance between the two in order to guarantee that the room is comfortable from dawn to night.

Color is the fifth element.

It is frequently based on color psychology in order to guarantee that the appropriate sentiments in the environment are created.

In order to create depth and intrigue, texture should be used.

Marble, for example, has simply a visual texture in terms of look.

When preparing to sell your house, adding color, texture, and patterns is a simple way to enliven a space without having to make substantial design changes.

Finally, you may add interest and excitement to your project by including patterns.

Put your faith in our staff for any of your style requirements.

We have years of expertise assisting homeowners in discovering their own personal style and bringing it to life. To receive a free, no-obligation estimate, please contact our staff right now.

What Are 7 Elements of Interior Design?

This page includes affiliate links. As an Amazon Associate, I receive a commission for qualifying purchases made via these links (with no extra cost to you). More information may be found here. An interior design project may be compared to a great piece of art if the artist is well-versed in all of the concepts and components of Interior Design. These items are critical in both improving the overall appearance and feel of the room as well as increasing its functioning. Pinterest is the source of this image.

Let’s have a look at how.

You will learn about all of these aspects in depth, as well as how interior designers employ them to create beautiful and functional living environments.

Make an effort to learn and comprehend things completely.


Regardless matter whether it is a business or residential area, light is a crucial part of interior design and the fundamental characteristic of every space. Even if the lighting comes from natural sources or artificial sources, lighting is the most important factor to consider when designing and creating places, not to mention when designing the interiors of those areas. Every other aspect would be rendered ineffective or insignificant if the lighting was not utilized properly. As a result, interior designers and specialists place a strong focus on lighting, as well as patterns and layouts of the space.

This will make your places incredibly attractive and feel like a delightful visual treat.

While putting up a lighting design, layering is the most crucial element to keep in mind.

  • Ambient lighting – This type of lighting is used to illuminate a large region or location. Ambient lighting serves the primary function of increasing the visibility of your place
  • Task lighting serves the purpose of illuminating smaller areas where we require strong direct light, such as for reading reasons. For this reason, I would pick a white 4000K light bulb hue, such as this one from Amazon. The purpose of accent lighting is to draw attention to certain regions and objects. With them, we want to call particular attention to our most valuable possessions, or we want to create special lighting effects to highlight some beautiful textures in our home. Accent lighting can make or break a design project.

You can read my in-depth blog post about light as the most crucial aspect of interior designhere to learn more about it in more detail. Additionally, if you are interested in learning more about smart bulbs, please visit this page.


The use of lines in interior design is well-known for its ability to guide and navigate the viewer’s eye across the interiors of a room effectively. These lines can be vertical, horizontal, or dynamic in nature, and they assist the interior designer in molding and creating the room with precision and refinement. Vertical, horizontal, and dynamic lines are all possible. Lines assist you in achieving balance and harmony throughout your design.

  1. When used correctly, horizontal lines provide a strong feeling of formality, efficiency, and solidity. The dining table and the kitchen Countertops and chests of drawers with horizontal lines drawn on them ensure that your space seems spacious. Vertical lines play an important role in the design of your home’s interior as well. A house’s structural elements, such as entrances and windows, help to create these shapes. Your areas will be filled with a sense of unbridled strength and freedom thanks to these lines. At a purely utilitarian level, these vertical lines provide the sense of a taller room by elongating the space. You must make certain that they are not extremely heavy and strewn over the place. That would detract from the appearance of your establishment and make the residents feel insecure
  2. In addition, dynamic lines are frequently employed in our interior design. These are made up of a variety of lines, including diagonal, curved, and zigzag lines. You may employ similar lines in a variety of places around the area, including stairwells and even a railing. They give a proper contrast to your home and to the different other structures in the surrounding area, and they are quite useful if you want to draw the attention of guests or residents by catching their eye or grabbing their attention. However, if you have too many of them, they might become distracting, and your other line structures will lose their significance.

In interior design school, students learn to achieve the right balance between all of the many sorts of lines.

Lines serve to create the illusion of space, making your area look broader or higher in comparison to its actual dimensions. You will see them in order to bring your attention to a certain focus point in which the attention of the visitor or passerby is required.


It goes without saying that when it comes to the aspects of interior design inside, space is of critical importance. If you do not have sufficient room, no strategy or design will be successful. It is essential to make the most of your available space in order to get the most out of any interior design project. In the field of interior design, space is analogous to the canvas on which an artist begins his or her work. The interior designers have the knowledge and resources to use the three dimensions of a room, which are the length, width, and height, to create a place that is pleasing to the eye.

They will make certain that they employ your space in a manner and a style that best meets your criteria and circumstances, which you may have established at the outset of the project, before moving further.

  • Positive space includes the area in which all of the objects, appliances, furniture, and other items in the house are located
  • Negative space includes the space in which nothing is located. On the negative side of the spectrum, there is empty space between items on the positive side, as well as blank space between the objects on the negative side.

An interior designer would be able to tell you exactly what needs to be done in order to make the most of these areas. They seek to strike a perfect balance between the positive and negative areas in order to avoid congestion or even that empty, deserted, sparse sensation at the far end of the room, which may be uncomfortable. The customer determines the balance, which is influenced to a large extent by the functionality that is required from the places in question. For example, in order for traffic to flow along corridors and tunnels in the rooms, negative spaces may be required.

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Other than that, several styles and designs may be used to attain the desired outcomes, like minimalistic design and eclectic design, to name a few of examples.


In reality, theform is nothing more than the shape of your space. It refers to both the form that defines the perimeter of your whole room and the things that occupy the space. Every three-dimensional entity will have a form, unlike everything else that is two-dimensional, which will just have a shape. In the field of interior design, a form can be classified as either natural or geometrical. Geometrical shapes refer to the square edges and harsh lines that define the perimeter of your room’s interior design.

  • Nature is the one who shapes and creates natural forms.
  • Form types can also be divided into two categories: open and closed forms.
  • With open forms, the designer has the flexibility to make any necessary adjustments to the positioning of these elements, as well as any essential additions to the overall appearance and feel of the space.
  • Closed forms include items that are closed and self-contained, as opposed to open or self-contained.
  • The things that are put within the space should be in proportion to the dimensions and shape of the room.

This is due to the fact that placing little things in vast rooms would make the area appear very small and full of negative empty spaces, which is not the case. As a result, retaining things that are proportional to the size of the space guarantees that the room is in the proper balance and harmony.


In order to assure the success of his ideas, an interior designer must grasp the art of anticipation as well as the use of color. Whereas location serves as the painter’s canvas in the case of an interior designer, colors are unquestionably the paint that the designer may use to create a masterpiece out of the area that he or she has at his or her disposal. It is rather the use of one’s imagination that is required in this situation. Much more to do with the abilities of an interior designer to foresee and choose the optimal color combination that will enrich the room, make it lively, and breathe life into the place.

  • There is a certain amount of science and psychology behind them, and their significance should never be understated or overlooked.
  • Color schemes and the selection of colors for your rooms will be mostly dependent on your own preferences, although there is a broad consensus on which colors work well in which spaces.
  • A similar argument may be made for the color red, which is thought to attract and enhance appetites and is frequently used in kitchens (or not:).
  • The following are some considerations to bear in mind while choosing a color:
  • The types of activities that will take place in the rooms
  • Keep in mind that there are both artificial and natural illumination sources available in the space
  • The size of the space should be taken into consideration while selecting a color scheme. Interior designers will employ bright colors in tiny spaces to give the illusion of space and make the area appear larger than it actually is.


When we talk about texture, we are typically referring to the surface of the wall that has been produced to give it a flawless finish. The sensation you get as you glide your hands over the wall is indicative of the quality of the designer’s great work. It is frequently regarded as one of the most underappreciated aspects of interior design. Your interior design will benefit from the use of smooth, glossy, or coarse textures in practically all of your furniture, walls, drapes, and textiles, which will create a subtle feeling of depth in your space.

  1. Generally, they may be divided into two categories: Tactile textures–also known as actual textures or tactile surfaces–are textures that can be felt and touched with your hands.
  2. If you hire an interior designer, they will make certain that your area has enough materials and components that have the appropriate textures.
  3. Visual texture, on the other hand, is more concerned with producing a visual appearance of texture in three-dimensional space than it is with creating actual texture.
  4. In fact, however, this is not the case.
  5. As soon as an interior designer notices a lack of texture, he or she will make the necessary adjustments to ensure that each piece is properly placed in relation to the others, creating the best possible contract and finish for the design.

Here You may learn more about textures in interior design by reading in-depth articles about the subject, which provide many valuable advice.


Designs are repeated in such a way that they become visually appealing and beautiful. Patterns are generated by repeating a design in such a way that it becomes visually appealing and attractive. Patterns are frequently used by interior designers in the creation of materials such as wallpaper, carpets, textiles, and soft furnishings. Stripes, pictorial, geometric, motif, animal prints, and organic patterns are just a few of the many sorts of patterns we are familiar with. You may get all of that and much more from these computerized sorts depending on the style and layout you choose.

  1. The room’s size and proportions are important considerations. The general design of the area must be considered while making your selection. When decorating a tiny space, it is important to make sure that the patterns are not overdone to the point where they are all over the place. However, you may employ a combination of patterns to create the appearance of more height in smaller spaces
  2. However, you must make certain that the colors you choose are acceptable and appropriate for the space. Incorporating some complicated patterns, which are made up of colors and lines and which provide a contrasting impact, may bring a space to life and make it feel more alive. Interior designers choose to incorporate patterns on what is known as the feature wall, which is a focal point of the room. This is the wall in the living room where wallpaper or a pattern is applied in order to create a visual contrast with the rest of the color scheme in the home.

It is critical to be aware of and comprehend the classification of the patterns in order to guarantee that the room’s intended function is not compromised. You may choose from a variety of stylings depending on your needs and the function of the garment. Traditional, organic, floral stylings are available, as are abstract and geometric designs, which can be used to create a more modern style. In addition to being a visual delight, when paired with other features, they can transform a room into a pleasant and dynamic environment.

Whether you want to try your hand at it yourself or hire an interior designer for your next house or home improvement project, you will undoubtedly be in a better position if you have a thorough understanding of how all of these elements when combined can transform your ordinary living spaces into an extraordinary spectacle.

Make use of this information to come up with some fantastic ideas on your own.

What Are The Seven Elements of Interior Design?

Interior design is both a science and an art in equal measure. Professional interior designers typically adhere to a set of unwritten principles in order to create visually attractive places. The Seven Elements of Interior Design are a group of design principles that have been around for quite some time. It is possible for you to change any place into something spectacular if you understand what they are and how they operate. In the image below, developed by Harrods, you can see exactly what it takes to create a great interior design scheme: all of the necessary pieces.

Harrods is credited for creating this image.


In interior design, positive and negative space are two of the most essential considerations, and they are divided into two categories: positive and negative. Positive space is occupied by furniture and other items, whereas negative space is devoid of everything. Different design styles make use of space in a variety of ways. A minimalist style, for example, makes use of more negative space.

The issue is to find a happy medium between the two, without being either overly cluttered or too sparse. This will be determined by the overall style and feel you want to accomplish, as well as the usefulness of the space in question.


Lines are also used by interior designers to form a space and direct the viewer’s gaze. Horizontal, vertical, and dynamic lines are the three primary types of lines to consider.

Horizontal Lines

A serene mood may be created in a space, as well as an overall impression of stability and formality. They are generated by tables and other surfaces and have the ability to make a space look larger and broader than it actually is. This example from Tailored Living demonstrates how to create perfect lines. The image has been credited to Using horizontal lines in a space may help to create a calm environment as well as an impression of solidity and formality. They are generated by tables and other surfaces and have the ability to make a space look larger and broader than it actually is.

They have the ability to generate the impression that a place is taller.

They can be found in a variety of constructions, including stairs.


The shape of a room, as well as the things contained therein, are referred to as its form. Forms can be either geometric (with harsh lines and square edges, giving a constructed appearance) or natural in appearance (more organic forms that look like they were created by nature). Natural forms can be either open, in which case they are things that can be viewed into, or closed, in which case they are self-contained and encompassed by a surface, as shown in the illustration. This room has been purposefully created to demonstrate design characteristics that have been overlooked, such as chaotic forms and cluttered space.


Light, whether natural or artificial, is an important feature of every place. Light, in addition to serving a utilitarian purpose, may be used to create a mood and ambiance in a space, as well as to define colors, textures, and lines. Light may be classified into a number of categories, including: Task Lighting is exactly what it sounds like: it is lighting that is sufficient for the tasks that are being carried out. Accent lighting is light that is focused on an object or region in order to draw attention to it.

Lighting that creates a mood or ambiance in an area is known as mood lighting.

For example, a study or workstation may want enough of light so that people can see what they’re doing, but a living room may require a softer lighting design to make it more comfortable to be in.

Dimmers can be used to increase the adaptability of a space. Lighting fixtures may transform a place by adding a dramatic and aesthetic touch.


Texture relates to the appearance and feel of an object or finish, and it is often taken for granted or ignored. Textures such as shiny, smooth, and gritty may give depth and intrigue to a room by creating contrasts between them. There is real texture, which relates to the feel of materials such as silk that is smooth and crisp and linen that is crisp and dry. After that, there’s visual texture, such as stone wallpaper, which creates the illusion of stone while also adding to the room’s rustic look and feel.

Tracey Andrews Interiors is credited for creating this image.


Color is one of the most distinguishing characteristics of a space, influencing its mood and ambiance. Colors elicit emotional responses, elicit memories, and elicit sensations. For example, the color green evokes feelings of peace and quiet, as does the color blue, which has a relaxing impact. Purple can be associated with wealth and mystery, whilst brown can be associated with comfort and warmth.


Patterns blend well with colors and provide visual interest to a space. You may use them anyplace since they are a collection of lines and forms that can be applied to everything from cushions to ceilings to stairs to picture frames to draperies and pillows. Patterns may assist to bring a place to life by adding interest. When designing a new room or area, the seven components of design are the first things that come to mind. They serve as the foundation of the design. If you would like some assistance with your project, please contact us by phone or using the contact form.

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