How to Install a Prehung Door
A door is a very accurate instrument. When it is closed, it should reliably click into place at the latch and clear the jamb before swinging freely on its hinges. To understand why hanging a door is regarded a real test of carpentry expertise, examine the tight tolerances that are required to reach this level of performance: To begin with, Tom Silva, general contractor at This Old House, says, “I didn’t have anything more complicated than a hammer, some chisels, and a screwdriver.” The jamb would be assembled first, then the hinge mortises would be carved by hand, and then the door would be hung separately.
“It took a long time and a lot of patience,” he adds of the process.
What Is a Prehung Door?
A prehung door is a pre-assembled item that includes all of the necessary hardware and a frame, and is ready to be put into a doorway. Purchasing one helps make installation easier and faster, although the phrase “prehung” is a bit of a misnomer in this case. These doors and jambs will still need to be carefully adjusted to compensate for any imperfections in the wall framing. “To put one of them in needs a high level of precision,” Tom explains. “If it is not properly installed, it will not function properly.”
Common Mistakes to Avoid When Ordering Prehung Doors
Carpenters used to be able to quickly modify their work, make modifications, and repair faults back when they constructed the pieces surrounding a door piece by piece. Because the majority of the assembly work is done off-site with a prehung door, a mistake made when placing an order might transform an otherwise perfectly fine unit into a piece of useless scrap metal. Here are two things you may take to avert such consequence. BE AWARE OF YOUR OPENING: Generally speaking, prehung doors are constructed to suit rough openings that are 2 to 21 2 inches larger than the jamb’s corresponding measurements.
- Examine the trimmers to ensure they are plumb, parallel, and square to the wall as well as the header if an existing opening is there.
- SPECIFY THE DIRECTION OF THE SWING: It is necessary for your supplier to know which direction you want the door to swing; nevertheless, be wary of the inquiry “Do you want a left-hand or a right-hand door?” That is not to say that the phrases always signify the same thing.
- Allow that person to figure out which way the door is “handed” on their own.
- Prehung doors are supported by a jamb that has been “split” into two halves.
The main jamb, which is installed initially, is where the door is joined to. In order for it to glide over the edge of the main jamb, the split jamb features a groove underneath the stop. Typically, both jambs are provided with casings that have already been installed.
How to Install a Prehung Interior Door
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1. Check the rough opening
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- In the entryway, place a 4-foot level on the floor to mark the threshold. If the hinge side is lower than the latch side, put shims under the level nearest the hinge jamb to raise the hinge side up. Make adjustments until the level’s bubble is in the middle
- Finish nail the shims to the floor to keep them in place. If the latch side is lower, no shims are required
- Otherwise, shims are required. Make sure the walls and trimmer studs are plumb by using a level or plumb bob to check them. Using a framing square, check the trimmers’ faces to verify whether they are square to the wall as well. Finally, make sure that the trimmers are parallel to one another by measuring between them at the top, bottom, and centre of the hole. Prehung door swing: Getting It Perfect” is a good place to start if the wall is not plumb, or if the trimmers are not plumb, out of square, or not parallel to the wall.
2. Shim the trimmers
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- Measure the distance between the bottom of the jamb and the center of each hinge on the hinge jamb. Mark the hinge positions on the hinge-side trimmer by measuring up from the floor (or the top of the shims) and marking the hinge locations on the hinge-side trimmer. Tack the plumb bob to the top of the hinge-side trimmer, then measure the distance between the string and the trimmer at each hinge site with the plumb bob in place. Overlapping shims should be placed where the gap is the smallest. Adjust the thickness of the shims to 1/8 inch and tack them in place with a finish nail. Take the distance between the shims and the plumb bob string and multiply it by two. Shims should be placed in overlapping pairs at the other two hinge points. Adjust the thickness of each pair of shims until the space between the shims and the string is the same as the gap at the first pair. Trim the ends of each pair with a utility knife so that they do not extend past the drywall after they have been secured to the trimmer.
3. Fit door into opening
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- Lift the door into the rough opening and tighten the hinge jamb against the shims tacked to the trimmers
- Then, lift the door into the finished opening. To attach the trimmer to the face of the hinge-side casing, drive an 8d finish nail through the casing 3 inches below the miter and into the trimmer. With your level on the casing’s face, move the jamb in and out until it is plumb. Tack eight-inch finish nails through the casing at the other two hinge places if the wall is plumb and the casing is flat against it. To make the door plumb, use a shim behind the casing at the hinge places if the wall is not plumb and the casing does not rest against it. Using a nail, drive the nail through the case, shims, and the trimmer. Tapered wood wedges should be used to close any gaps between the casing and the wall.
4. Adjust the gap between the door
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- Examine the horizontal gap, also known as the “reveal,” that exists between the top of the door and the head jamb. Ideally, it should be consistent in width from left to right and between 1/8 and 3/16 inch broad. Increase or decrease the reveal by pushing the head case up if necessary. Make a mark on the face of the latch-side casing and into the trimmer at the top of the door by driving an 8d nail through it. On the latch side, look for a vertical reveal between the door and the jamb. Its thickness should be comparable to that of a nickel. You may adjust it by hand by grabbing the case and moving the jamb. Open and close the door many times to ensure that its leading edge, the one that rests on the stop, clears the jamb by a consistent 1/8 inch on each occasion. To create the reveal, drive 8d finish nails every 16 inches through the latch-side casing and into the trimmer to secure the reveal. Check to see that the disclosure is consistent from one moment to the next.
5. Anchor the jamb
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- Insert a pair of shims between the main jamb on the latch side and the trimmer, towards the top of the door opening, to keep the door from closing completely. 8d finish nails should be used to secure them to the trimmer when they are just touching the rear of the jamb and are not exerting any pressure on it. Additional pairs of shims should be nailed a few inches above the base of this jamb, as well as immediately above and below the striking plate to complete the installation. The jamb may bend if these shims were not there.
6. Replace hinge screw
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- Remove the middle screw from the top hinge leaf and replace it with a screw that is long enough to pierce the trimmer. Do this on both sides of the hinge jamb. Consequently, sagging and binding of the door are avoided.
if the long screws don’t match the ones that arrived with the hinges, place them below the hinge leaf (see illustration below).
7. Attach the split jamb
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- Begin by carefully pressing the edge of the split jamb into the groove in the main jamb, starting at the bottom of the split jamb. Both hands should be used to tap the two jambs together. On both sides of each miter, as well as every 18 inches along the length of the casing, attach the casing to the wall using nails. 8d finish nails should be driven through the stop and into the trimmers to hold the two jambs together. One nail should be driven through each hinge location, one through each shim near the top and bottom of the latch jamb, and one nail should be driven through each shim just above and below the striker. NAILING into the head jamb is not recommended.
8. Mount the latch hardware
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- Using the screws provided, attach the striking plate to the mortise in the latch jamb on the back of the latch. For larger plates than the mortise, place the plate on the jamb, outline it with a pencil, and chisel to the outline
- For smaller plates than the mortise Insert the latch bolt into its bore and secure the plate of the latch bolt into the mortise on the edge of the door with the screws provided. If the mortise is too tight, you may modify the size of the mortise in the same way you did with the striking plate. The knobs should be positioned on both sides of the latch bolt, then the connection screws that link the knobs should be inserted and tightened. After you’ve closed the door, listen for the latch to slide into its strike. If the door is rattling, bend the prong on the strike plate slightly toward the stop to alleviate the problem. If the latch does not latch, bend the prong away from the stop until the latch latches. All of the screws should be tightened.
Prehung Door Swing: Getting It Perfect
Gregory Nemec is a well-known figure in the world of sports. Just as it is easier to build a house on a level foundation, it is also easier to hang a door that is level, plumb, and square when the door is installed correctly. However, while these are uncommon characteristics in most ancient buildings (and a sad number of modern ones), the fact that an entrance is misaligned does not imply that the door must be replaced. The key is to make little adjustments to either the aperture itself or your door-hanging method.
- Simply plumb the hinge and latch jambs with a level or a bob, then secure them in place with shims to complete the project.
- It is possible to use a split jamb to cover a 2×4 stud wall that is up to 1/2 inch out of plumb.
- Trimmers that are out of plumb or non-parallel can be compensated for by shims, unless the trimmers are so severe that the door will not close properly.
- Remove the screws that are holding the drywall to the trimmers, and then use a sledgehammer to coax the trimmer ends into the wall where they belong.
- If the entrance is too small at the top, or if the wall is coated with old plaster, a sledge will not function properly.
- TRIMMERS OUTSIDE THE SQUARE: A framing square can be used to determine if the faces of the trimmers are parallel to the surface of the wall.
- In order to fix this, a third shim need be added to the conventional opposed pair.
The third shim may be moved back and forth between the other two in order to vary their angle with regard to the trimmer. Keep in mind that if you’ve done this on the hinge side, you should double-check that all three sets of shims are plumb before installing the door.
What to Do After the Door Arrives.
- Take the length of the head and side jambs into consideration. The comparable measurements in a plumb and square rough opening should be 2 to 21 2 inches longer than in a plumb and square rough aperture. A door might be placed with as little as 1/8-inch space from side to side in the worst case scenario. Also, make sure that the depth of the jambs is equivalent to the thickness of the wall. Check to see that the door will swing in the correct direction after it has been mounted. Ideally, there should be no more than 3/8-inch between the bottom of the door and the finished floor surface. The clearance between the hinge and latch jambs is determined by cutting the ends of the jambs. To ensure that these cuts are safe, be sure to allow for a threshold or thick carpeting before proceeding. Check that the lockset fits properly in the holes that have been drilled in the door. Reboring is an option for holes that are too tiny. Holes that are too large will need to be filled, sanded, and then bored a second time. If at all feasible, have this task returned to the shop that performed the work.
For more information on how to install an outside prehung door, see How to Install an Exterior Prehung Door.
Essentially, a prehung door unit is a door for pivots that is attached to a casing and has the casing surrounding it. These are also referred to as “door units” in some circles. It saves a tremendous amount of time in the field when the door is pre-collected in this manner. Doors are provided in continuous supply and fitted as prehung door modules in the construction of new houses. When redesigning a door, it is possible that just the door itself will be redesigned and will fit into an existing edge.
In architecture, the casing is the decorative shaping that surrounds the door’s outline.
You should discuss your requirements with the salesman if you want something specific, since this may have an impact on the style and design of your door, which must be purchased with the door units.
How to install a prehung interior door with casing attached:
- Level, wooden washers, 21/2-inch finish nails, hammer and nails or a nailer are all necessary tools.
It’s quite OK to deviate from the procedures given here, as long as you keep in mind that, regardless of the techniques employed, the objectives always remain consistent: Make sure the door frame is level and plumb; keep it level with the drywall that surrounds it; and retain a consistent 1/8″ reveal all the way around.
When you need to install a prehung door, the first step is to measure the unattractive opening into which you will be installing it. In order for the opportunity to be effective, it must be a couple of inches larger than the door itself. That wiggle area gives you the ability to shim the door, bringing it to the level-and-plumb position required for proper operation.
Prepare to open the door with a jarring thud. Is there any flooring that has not yet been laid beyond the threshold? In order to account for the additional height that will be added once the floors are put, a shim should be placed beneath the door frame.
Next, check to see that the pivot side of the door is plumb, which means that it is totally vertical. After ensuring that the door is still centered within the opening, balance it by adding a washer to each of the two sides, close to the top of the opening. Make use of a level to ensure that everything is in proper alignment. If the door’s plumb stays on the pivot side, it will be flush with the drywall next to it when the door is closed. You may nail into the frame behind the washers if you want to be more secure.
Please close the door and check that the top bit of the doorframe is level. Attempt not to stand about aimlessly groping for a measurement device; nonetheless, you note that the reveal between the door and the frame isn’t consistent between the two.
That is a sure clue that something is wrong. Make adjustments by adjusting the door handle washers. Continue to fiddle with the reveal around the top until it is uniform in size.
Bring the frame of the door flush with the drywall by turning the handle on the door. The reveal must be 1/8″ on this side of the door; if it is not, adjust the washers you have included near to the top of the door on this handle side to ensure that they are properly aligned. Once you’ve finished, nail the frame where you’ve placed the washer. Extra wash should now be placed at the door, at the bottom, in the same location as above, and beneath where the striking plate will be installed. Because the reveal remains consistent, you may continue to attach the frame to the wall at each location where you have inserted washers.
To finish, feel free to insert a couple of additional nails through the washers that you already nailed. You have finally completed the installation of your prehung door with a casting!
How to Replace an Interior Door: Prehung Door Replacement
Time A busy day of work Complexity Less than $20 in intermediate costs
Learn how to install a prehung door by watching this video. We’ll teach you surefire ideas and tactics that will help you produce a terrific job even if you’re a complete beginner in the field of construction.
- 4d finish nails
- 6d finish nails
- 8d finish nails
- Interior door and trim
Video: How to Hang a Door
Travis Larson, an editor for The Family Handyman, demonstrates how to remove a door and replace it with a new one, or how to reinstall the old one.
Project step-by-step (17)
Check the level of the floor and the alignment of the jambs. Calculate the exact amount by which the floor is off of level. This much of the opposing jamb must be removed in order to level the door in the opening. Hanging a door correctly is one of the most pleasurable chores in the world of home renovation, but it’s also one of the most difficult to get right. If your door is not properly fitted, it may have uneven gaps along the jamb, or it may bind or not latch at all. In this post, we’ll teach you surefire strategies and procedures that you can use every time you need to know how to install a prehung inside door and get outstanding results each and every time.
For your first door, allow around an hour and a half, and after you get the hang of it, your second door will go in twice as quickly.
A straight 7-foot 2×4 and a second 2×4 the width of your opening (Photo 1), both of which should be straight as you sight along the edge, should also be obtained.
Even though we will not be covering the installation of the lockset in this post, you will need to purchase one for the door.
Pro Tips for How to Install a Prehung Door
- A precise level is essential for a successful installation. Check if it is flat by setting it down on a flat surface. Make a note of where the bubble is located. After that, flip the level end to end and look for the bubble. If the bubble does not settle exactly where you want it to, find a more precise level. Check the length of the jambs on your prehung doors. It’s possible that they’ll be lengthier than you require. It is possible that you may need to cut both sides of the door to reduce the amount of space under it. It is recommended that doors be 1/2 inch above the floor in most cases
- If your door will be placed between rooms that will be carpeted later, you can raise both jamb sides 3/8 inch above the floor to avoid having to trim your doors
- Blocks can be used to level the bottoms of jambs. If you’re installing a door on an unfinished floor and need to leave space under the jambs for carpeting, simply place temporary blocks under the jambs while you’re hanging the door to keep them from moving. Make the necessary adjustments to the size of the blocks so that the bottoms of the jambs are on an even plane. According to the thickness of the carpet and pad, it is necessary to provide a gap between the jambs ranging from 3/8 inch to 5/8 inch. Check the plug for damage. When installing a door, make certain that the plug that holds it in place has a removable plug that can be removed after the door has been installed. You may be able to reinstall the plug by cutting the plastic strap and inserting it through the doorknob hole, if this is not the case. Far while it’s tough to move a door when the slab is swaying all over the place, it’s even more difficult to install a door that won’t open. It’s also not usually required to use shims on the top doorjamb since the casing will keep the door in place. Aside from that, walls in new homes and expansions can compress as they settle, pushing down on the tops of shims and causing the jamb to bend. Only shim the top jamb if you’re working with a 3-foot-wide door and the top jamb arrives from the factory bent
- Otherwise, skip this step.
2nd Step: How to Prevent a Door from Swinging Open
Level the floor
Check the level of the floor with a level. A level should be placed across the aperture, and it should be leveled with one or more shims.
Make a note on the shim at its thickest point, and then take a measurement of the thickness of the shim at that location. The precise amount you’ll need to cut off the jamb on the opposite side of the aperture is shown in the diagram. Garage Overhead Door Repairs of the Highest Quality
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Trim the prehung door frame jamb with a jigsaw
With a jigsaw, mark and cut the jamb on the upper side of the door (remove any packaging strips at the bottom of the jambs). After cutting more than 1/4 inch off the jamb, you may need to trim the bottom of the door so that it is in line with the floor slope. Steps for Removing a DoorStep 4
Trim the jamb with a circular saw
You may also use a circular saw to chop down jambs when they are in desperate need of being trimmed down. Install an 80-tooth blade to prevent the wood veneer from being torn out of the timber. To avoid cutting the wrong jamb, make sure to cut the jamb that sits on the high side of the floor. It’s simple to make a mistake. You can see where you marked your shim since it’s the one on the other side of the aperture. As a saw guide, a rafter square is quite useful. The most important step in any door installation is to ensure that the bottom of each doorjamb is at the right height before starting the installation.
It is possible that your latch will not line up if the floor slopes significantly and the jamb isn’t adjusted to accommodate.
Step 5: Checking and Adjusting the Garage Door
Check Your Rough Opening Carefully and Prepare the Door Before Starting
Temporary cleats should be nailed to the wall opposite the door opening so that they may function as stops for the door frame. Shimming the jambs away from the drywall with a stack of three note cards, as illustrated, will guarantee that they are centered in the wall when it is finished. Step 6 in the process of replacing a patio door
Set the door in the opening
Insert the door and frame into the aperture by pushing them together. Open the door and use a shim to keep the bottom edge of the open door firmly against the stops on the other side of the room.
Check the rough opening
Make sure your door will fit into the opening before purchasing it. First, determine the height of the aperture, followed by the breadth at both the top and bottom of the opening. After then, use a level to verify each side. Even though the sides do not have to be absolutely plumb (which they rarely are), they must be near enough to enable enough space for your door to open fully. This means that even if your rough opening is 1/2 in. larger than your door, but the sides of the opening are each 1/2 in.
Finally, check to see if the walls are squared up to each other.
Shim and nail below the bottom hinge
Adjust the bottom of the door frame so that it is approximately 4 in. higher than the floor on the hinge side, ensuring that the hinge side is perfectly plumb, and then nail it in place.
Tape your level to a straight 2×4 in the manner pictured. After that, use a shim to straighten the central portion of the jamb before nailing it in place. With your straightedge, measure the whole length of the piece. How to Build a Rustic Barn Door and Hardware from ScratchStep 8
Lock the strike-side jamb in place
Nail a 4-inch 1×2 to the front edge of the jamb with a 4-inch finish nail to hold it in place. Adjust the distance between the door and the strike-side jamb to a consistent 3/16-in. The jamb will remain in this position as long as the block is fastened to the studs. Storage Ideas for Inside Cabinet Doors: 18 Inspiring OptionsStep 10
Break away the shims
With a sharp blade, score the shims several times, and then break them off to create space for the trim to be installed. Step 11: Suggestions for Hanging Doors
Attach the trim
Finish nails in the size of No. 4 are used to attach the trim to the door frame. Finish nails in the size of No. 6 are used to attach the trim to the frame. Throughout this essay, we’ll be concentrating on the installation of conventional prehung doors. With a door jamb that is 4-9/16 inches wide and a thickness of 4-1/2 inches, these doors are designed to fit into a 2×4 wall that measures 4-1/2 inches thick. As a result, the jamb is slightly elevated above the surface of the wall on either side, and any inconsistencies in the trimmer studs of the walls are compensated for by using this method.
- The thickness of your wall and the length of your entrance will raise additional problems that we will not address here.
- Ideally, it should be 2 to 2-1/2 inches broader than the door opening.
- If your rough opening is 32 inches wide, use a prehung door that is 30 inches wide.
- Openings with a trimmer stud that is out of plumb by more than 3/8 inch from top to bottom will make it practically hard to install the door in the opening.
- Small deviations from plumb are, on the other hand, fairly common.
- The majority of installation issues arise as a result of the floor being uneven under the entryway.
- As indicated in Photo 1, you must examine the floor with an accurate level to ensure that it is level.
How Do You Fit the Jamb to Floors of Different Heights?
Cut a 1-foot-long strip of 1/4-inch plywood to the same width as your door jamb, and glue it in place. Dropping the plywood to the high side of the floor and tacking it in place allows you to use your scribe to trace the shape of the floor onto the plywood. Remove the plywood from the jamb, cut the form with a jigsaw, and glue the shape to the bottom of the jamb with wood glue.
Using a jigsaw, cut along the lines you’ve drawn. Repeat the process on the other side of the door. In certain cases, you may need to cut the bottom of the door as well if your transition is more than 1/2 inch. Garage Door Openers With Wi-FiConnectionStep 12
Set the door in place
Temporary blocks should be placed on both sides of the doorjamb to keep it flush with the drywall until the door is permanently fastened to the jamb. Make five blocks ranging in size from 4 to 5 inches out of scrap timber, then join them together with 2-inch 18-gauge brads. Glue three blocks to the latch side and two to the hinge side of the door frame (the door slab keeps the middle of the hinge side rigid). Maintain a safe distance between the blocks and the hinges so that they do not interfere with shimming.
Step 13 of How to Paint a Door
Nail the blocks to the wall
Orient the door such that it is in the center of the opening. Check to see that the space between the door slab and the jamb is uniform on all three sides of the jamb. With good preparation, the gaps will be uniform, the top jamb will be level, and the sides will be plumb if the jambs’ bottoms were properly cut prior to installation. Before fastening the blocks to the wall with a couple of 2-in., 15-gauge finish nails, double-check that the hinge side is plumb on the other side. To begin, nail the hinge side of the door first, and then double-check the gap around the door slab before attaching the blocks to the latch side of the door.
This is the point at which things become serious.
They are both open and closed.
Follow these procedures to ensure that your door installation is flawless.
Secure the door in place
The frame should be centered in the opening. Nail the upper edges of the door frame into place using a shim from either side of the jamb (ensuring that the frame is pressed against the cleats). This means that the jamb should be aligned with your temporary cleats. Take care not to twist the jamb as you nail it in place. Cabinet Doors That Are Simple and QuickStep 15
Check gap at stops
Remove the plug that keeps the door slab in place before placing any shims, and check to see that the door opens and shuts properly. The door should come into contact with the door stop in an equal pattern along the whole length of the door stop’s length. As a result, if one side of the door hits the stop first, you will need to modify the jambs by repositioning one or both of the top and bottom sides of the jambs inward or outward, depending on which section of the door strikes the stop first.
Shim behind hinges
With all three hinges open, remove the center screw from the top hinge and slide shims behind the empty screw hole, working your way down to the bottom. Fill up the whole space between the jamb and the frame equally, or else you’ll end up pulling the door out of alignment when you put the screw in place. If the framing around the rough opening seems to be twisted in one direction or the other, use shims to ensure that the jamb remains perpendicular to the wall throughout construction. Check to see that the jambs are still flush with the drywall after the shims have been installed (if your walls are plumb).
Check the space between the door slab and the door stop once more before closing the door.
After that, nail the shims into place with three 2-in. 15-gauge nails to hold them in place. Step 17: Excellent Tips for Painting Doors
Install longer screws in each hinge
Replace one of the stock screws in each hinge with a longer screw to give the hinge more strength. Drive the screw in very gently for the last few rounds, paying special attention to the jamb and the threads. Avoid sucking in the jamb, since this might affect how straight the door swings open and close. After each screw has been installed, open and close the door to ensure that there are no gaps. In order to ensure proper penetration, ensure that the screws enter the frame by at least 1 inch.
Do not use drywall screws since they are fragile and will not withstand years of usage.
Secure the latch side
Shims should be installed and secured 4 inches down from the top of the door and 4 inches high from the floor. Install the shims in the same manner as you did the hinge portion of the project. Wind-driven slams have caused doors to be slammed shut so fiercely that the jamb on the latch side has been pushed several inches out of alignment. Install a long construction screw beneath the latch plate to avoid this issue from occurring in the future. In the corner of the latch plate area, predrill and countersink a hole to ensure that it does not interfere with the latch plate screws during installation.
Then, after the door is in its final position, nail it in place.
Doors that are sagging or sticking should be repaired.
How to Hang a Prehung Door
Documentation Download Documentation Download Documentation Pre-hung doors are those that are shipped from the manufacturer with the door frame already installed. Pre-hung doors, as opposed to traditional doors, are purchased with the hinges already attached to the door and frame, whereas traditional doors are purchased with no frame and no hinges. In comparison to typical doors, pre-hung doors are less difficult to install since the door arrives at your site already constructed into the door frame, removing the need for precise measurements to ensure that there are no gaps between the door and the frame.
- 1 Become familiar with the components that are required. There are likely to be a few words in this tutorial that you are not completely familiar with. The following items will be included in your prehung door kit:
- The latchbolt and lockset bore (which is a component of the doorknob)
- And the doorknob. Latches, head jamb (the frame of the door that supports the latch), and other parts of the door Casing (also known as the trim)
- Mortise for the strike plate (the point at which the lock is screwed into the wall)
- There are a couple of terminology that will be used that are specific to your home as a whole. In this section, we will discuss the header (the part of the wall framing that is above the door), the header support (the stud in the wall that is supporting the header), and the trimmer (the stud in the wall that is near to the jamb).
- 2 Check to see sure the area where the door will be hung is level on the floor. The pre-hung door will have extended sides on the frame since it is pre-hung. Using this method, you will be able to cut each side of the door frame differently depending on how level the floor is
- If the floor isn’t level, cut the edges of the door frame to make them level. The frame will be shorter on one side to accommodate an uneven floor, while the other side will be longer to accommodate the uneven floor. The effect of this will be negligible once the door is in place.
- s3 Check to see that the rough opening is plumb. Otherwise, wood shims should be installed between the rough aperture and the door frame. A shim is a thin, tapered piece of wood that is used to fill in the gaps between the door frame and the frame of the frame of the door. The use of shims eliminates the need to rebuild the door opening in order to accommodate the pre-hung door.
- Shims should be used on the side of the door that has the hinges to close the gaps between the trimmer stud and the door frame and frame. The door should have a square opening. While you are installing wooden shims, have someone else keep the pre-hung door in place while you are working on it
- Examine whether or not the door frame is flat with the wall
- On the hinge side of the door, drive a few big finish nails into the frame of the door. Inspect to ensure that the nails pass through the frame and into the shimmings and trimmer. Leave a portion of the nails exposed, rather than driving them all the way into the frame, until you are certain that the door is plumb.
- 4 Adjust the trimmers as needed. Shimming is the act of wedgeing anything into a space for the purpose of measuring or centering. Listed below are the steps you must take:
- Measure from the bottom of the hinge jamb (the upright support of the door provided by the hinge) to the center of each hinge on each side of the door. The hinge side of the trimmer (which is most likely the left side) should be measured up from the floor and marked with hinge positions
- Attach the plumb bob to the top of the hinge-side trimmer with a little piece of tape. Then, take a measurement of the distance between the string and the trimmer where each of the hinges is. Overlapping shims should be placed where the distance between them is the lowest possible. Cut 1/8″ thick (.3 cm) shims from wood and tack them in place with a finish nail. Take the distance between the new shims and the plumb bob string and record it. Shims should be placed overlapping at the bottom two hinge points on either side of the hinge. The thickness of each pair should be adjusted until the distance between shims and string matches that of the first pair
- If necessary, make additional adjustments. Using a utility knife, cut the ends of each pair of shims so that they don’t protrude past the drywall
- This is to ensure that they don’t protrude past the drywall.
- 5 The door should be fitted into the aperture. Pick up the door and carefully lower it into the opening. Then, using your fingers, press the hinge jamb against the shims that have been tacked to the trimmers. Following the acquisition of 8d finish nails, the following is the procedure:
- Nail through the face of the hinge-side casing three inches (7.5 cm) below the miter and into the trimmer stud with an 8d nail. Making use of a level and holding it up against the casing face, adjust the jamb until it is plumb
- In order to ensure that the wall is properly installed and that the casing is flat against it, drive 8d finish nails through it at the other two hinge places as well. For example, if a wall is out of plumb and a casing is not resting properly against it, shims beneath the casing at the hinge positions can be used to make the door plumb. Nail the door in place by driving a nail through the casing and shims and into the trimmer stud. As an added precaution, tapered wooden wedges should be used to close any gaps that may have formed between the casing and the wall.
- 1 Make minor adjustments to the reveal. This is the horizontal space between the head jamb and the top of the door. It is measured in millimeters. Its width should be between 1/8 and 3/16″ (about.15 and.3 cm) and should be consistent from all angles.
- If necessary, correct the gap by pushing the head case up a little bit. To secure everything in place, drive an 8d nail through the face of the latch-side casing and into the trimmer stud, which is located towards the top of the door. Remember to inspect the vertical expose between the door and jamb on the latch side as well. It should be approximately the thickness of a nickel. To make adjustments, grab the case and move the jamb by hand. Swing the door open and close to determine if the leading edge, the one that rests against the stop, clears the jamb by a consistent 1/8″ on both sides
- If not, replace the door. Set the reveal width by driving finish nails every 16 inches through the latch-side casing and into the trimmer to ensure that it is the proper width. Leave a small amount of space between the heads so that they can be set and puttied later. Check to see that everything is consistent.
- 2 Secure the jamb with screws. If you wish to retain the jamb where you want it, slide a pair of shims between the main jamb on the latch side and the trimmer, which is towards the top of the door opening, on either side of the latch side. Nail them to the trimmer with extra 8d finish nails when they are just touching the back of the jamb and are not exerting any pressure on it at this point.
- You’ll want to attach extra pairs of shims a few inches above the base of this jamb, as well as above and below the strike plate, to keep the door from closing completely. This is necessary because the jamb may bend and move out of position without them.
- 3 Replace the hinge screw with a new one. Using a screw long enough to drive into the trimmer stud at least 1 inch into the hinge jamb, remove the center screw from the top hinge and replace it with one that is longer. In this manner, the door will be prevented from sagging and binding.
- When lengthy screws do not match the ones that came with the hinges and door, you may hide them below the hinge leaf so that they are not visible
- Otherwise, you can use shorter screws.
- 4 Attach the split jamb to the door. On the exterior of your door, you’ll see a split jamb — that’s the one that’s been split in half. It should be attached by starting at the bottom and carefully pressing the edge of it into the groove of the main jamb. Tapping the two parts together with both hands is recommended.
- Fix the door casing to the wall with nails on both sides of each miter and every 18 inches along the length of the casing
- You’ll want them to be together as long as they’re in a good mood. Finish nailing the stop and trimmers with 8d finish nails is a good practice. You’ll need one nail at each hinge point, one through the shims near the top and bottom of the latch jamb, and one slightly above and below the striker
- You’ll also need one nail at the top and bottom of the latch jamb
- And one nail at the top and bottom of the latch jamb. Make certain that you do not nail into the head jamb.
- 5 Attach the latch hardware on the door. The door is now in place
- All that is required is to finish up with the tiny hardware modifications. To assemble the latch, do the following:
- The screws included in your package will be used to secure the strike plate to the mortise in the latch jamb of the door. To make a plate that is larger than the mortise, first place it on the jamb
- Then trace around it with a pencil and chisel the plate to match the contour. Insert the latch bolt into the bore of the plate and secure it to the mortise on the edge of the door with the required screws to complete the installation. If the mortise is too tight, you can adjust the size of the mortise in the same way you did the strike plate. Attach the doorknobs to the latch bolts on both sides of the door. Insert and tighten the connection screws that hold the knobs together once you’re through doing that. Check the knobs to make sure they’re in place and secure
- Close the door and wait for the latch to engage before opening it. The prong on the striking plate should be bent just a tiny bit closer to the stop if the door rattles. The prong should be bent away from the stop if the latch does not catch the first time. As soon as you’ve found the ideal layout, tighten all of the screws.
- 1Consider how far you’ve come. Take a step back to examine the door, measure it, and evaluate whether or not it is plumb all the way around the door frame. There should be a 1/8″ (.32 cm) opening all the way around the door frame
- Otherwise, the door will not close properly. 2 Putty can be used to conceal the nail heads on the door frame. Hide the nail heads using putty to give your door a smooth and professional appearance that it was professionally installed. This product is commercially available in a wide range of colors, so you should be able to choose one that complements your door.
- Then smooth it out with a scraper or the dull edge of a knife until it’s all in place. It should be aligned with the door and not protrude beyond it.
- 3Apply paint or finish to your liking. Now that your door is up and running, the remainder is purely a matter of appearance. If you want to paint or finish the door in any way, simply be sure you apply masking tape around the casing and jambs. Advertisement
Create a new question
- Question: Where do you shim a prehung door to prevent it from closing properly? Ryaan Tuttle is the founder and CEO of Best Handyman Boston, a company that specializes in home improvement. Ryaan has over 15 years of expertise in the home renovation and property care industry, and he specializes in integrating technology and craftsmanship to achieve superior results. Ryaan is a licensed construction supervisor as well as a licensed home improvement contractor. Best Handyman Boston, in contrast to the majority of handyman contractors, is licensed and insured. Best Handyman Boston has been recognized the “Best Handyman in Boston” by Boston Magazine and LocalBest.com, among other publications. Expert Answer from a Home Improvement Specialist Shim the top and bottom pieces of the door on each bottom side, as well as the top and bottom parts of the door on each top side. After that, you’ll shim the center section
- Question What is the proper way to screw a prehung door? Ryaan Tuttle is the founder and CEO of Best Handyman Boston, a company that specializes in home improvement. Ryaan has over 15 years of expertise in the home renovation and property care industry, and he specializes in integrating technology and craftsmanship to achieve superior results. Ryaan is a licensed construction supervisor as well as a licensed home improvement contractor. Best Handyman Boston, in contrast to the majority of handyman contractors, is licensed and insured. Best Handyman Boston has been recognized the “Best Handyman in Boston” by Boston Magazine and LocalBest.com, among other publications. Expert Answer from a Home Improvement Specialist Screw the doorframe into the framework by passing it through the opening where the hinges would normally be. It’s important to remember that the hinges won’t be visible from this angle. Question I recently built a new door, however it is protruding from the top corner of the latch side. How can I correct this? If the wall is plumb, you can build out the wall, plane the corner down, or sand or plane the rear of the door trim to make it conform to the wall. What happens if the top is too tight and the bottom is too loose? Then you’ll have to work on both at the same time. Plane, chisel, or cut the top to make it loose, then shim the bottom to keep it from moving. It is critical that the door gap is consistent all the way around
- Otherwise, the door will not close properly. Question What happens if the door frame does not sit flat against the wall? Plane the jamb/frame down or rabbit-out the rear of the door’s trim to make it more aesthetically pleasing. Additionally, you may add a spline to the back outer edge of the door’s trim to ensure that it fits level against the wall.
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- If the shims are greater than 1/2 inch in diameter, use larger finish nails than those specified in the article text
Things You’ll Need
- Pre-hung door kit
- 8d nails
- Shim wedges
- Plumb bob
- Chisel (optional)
- Utility knife (optional)
- Pre-hung door kit
About This Article
Summary of the ArticleXTo hang a pre-hung door, begin by inserting the door into the aperture in the wall and ensuring that the casing surrounding the door is perpendicular to the floor (see illustration). Then, by inserting thin wooden shims between the jamb and the top of the door, you may secure the jamb in the desired location. After that, return the hinges and fasten them into place with large screws to secure the door to the opening in the wall, if necessary. Last but not least, install the doorknob and test it to ensure that it latches properly.
Continue reading for advice on how to install a pre-hung door if the floor isn’t perfectly level. Did you find this overview to be helpful? It took 158,984 readers to read this page. We appreciate you taking the time to write it!
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Dillon B. wrote this article (Additional writing by Ryan O.) When it comes to installing or replacing a new door in your home, using a pre-hung door is one of the most convenient options available. When a pre-hung door is installed, it means that the door is already installed in its own frame, which ensures that the door will freely swing and operate as needed, which is the most crucial function of the door. If you want a flawless fit, however, be sure to follow these directions while installing your new door!
- Tools: Shims, a knife, an angle finish nailer (Brad Nailer), an electric drill, a multi-purpose tool, three-inch screws, a level, a reciprocating saw (Sawzall), and other items.
Step 1: Remove the door trim and the door itself
With a blade, score down the side of the door trim (what we typically refer to as the paneling that frames the door) to loosen and remove it from the door. Make sure to do this on both sides so that you may have access to the door jamb on the other side. By removing the screws, you may take the door and the hinges off.
Step 2: Remove the door jamb
Take out the door jamb, which is the section of the door frame that has direct contact with the door itself. The quickest and most suggested method is to use a reciprocating saw or a Sawzall to cut the jamb in two and remove the pieces, which is the fastest method. Removing any fasteners that hold the jamb to the frame of the home is a good first step. Their location is frequently in close proximity to either the door hinge area or the striking plate (which is a metal plate that interacts with a doorknob’s bolt).
Step 3. Remove the threshold (if the door has a threshold)
Some doors have a metal plate beneath them called the threshold, which users must cross in order to open the door. During this step, you will want to get rid of anything that is in the way.
Step 4: Prep the Pre-Hung Door
Remove the cardboard wrapping off the prehung door and set it aside for later use. Then dry-fit the door, which simply means to place the pre-hung door in the door opening to ensure that it will function properly before proceeding. If any of the frame’s sides are excessively lengthy, you will need to make adjustments to the frame by cutting it. In this case, the door and frame are both 14 inches too tall, resulting in the frame slamming into the door frame. The frame was marked with a 14-inch margin on both sides of the frame, and we cut the excess frame off using a multipurpose tool (a skill saw is also advised) to make it fit.
If the door frame has to be lifted into the right position in the door opening, shims can be placed at the bottom of the frame.
Step 5: Insert shims on the hinge side of the door to make the door frame plumb and level
Verify that the hinge side of the door opening is vertically straight (plumb) and horizontally straight (level) by measuring the distance between the hinges. By measuring how far the hinge side of the door opening is from being vertically straight, we will be able to determine how much the side of the door will need to be modified with shims, or little blocks of wood used to modify the door frame and hinge. Set a straightedge, such as a four- or six-foot level, against the jamb on the hinge side of the door and check for any gaps between the jamb and the straightedge.
Inserting a shim between the jamb and the drywall will straighten the jamb, close the gap, and make the door jamb square will be necessary wherever there is a gap. Those shims will most likely be inserted just below the hinges, if at all.
Step 6: Secure jamb and cut off shims
Using an angled finish nailer, fasten each of the shims to the jamb with a couple of nails after you have aligned the jamb on the door hinge side with the plumb line (also called a brad nailer). After that, trim away any surplus shims from the side of the jamb.
Step 7: Start shimming the strike side of the door to make the reveal (the gap between the door and the frame) consistent
As soon as you have confirmed that the hinge side of the door is plumb and level, the next step is to inspect the reveal to ensure that it has a consistent gap all of way around the door, including the strike side of the door (where the doorknob is located) and at its top, which should be plumb and level as well. It is necessary to double-check that the hinge side is plumb and level again before continuing to shim on the other side if it is not consistently plumb and level. In the next step, insert shimming along the side of the door that will hit, ensuring sure that the reveal between the frame and door is uniform throughout.
Ensure that there are shims above and below the strike plate as you work your way down to reinforce and add strength to that area.
Small adjustments can be made by tapping the jamb or the door stop in the direction you desire using a wood block and a hammer, if necessary.
Step 8: Shim the top of the door and make sure the reveal is consistent at the top
Then repeat the process at the header (the top of the door) and insert shims where the gap between the door and the frame is less than level. Once again, use a brad nailer to fasten each of the shims and trim away any extra material. Small adjustments can be made by tapping the jamb or the door stop in the direction you desire using a wood block and a hammer, if necessary.
Step 9: Test the door
Check that the door can swing freely without being obstructed by anything by swinging it. This particular model has a swing that is 14 inches above the floor, which eliminates backdraft in the event of a fire.
Step 10: Install the door casing (door trim)
The trim will now be used to conceal the shims. Select the distance between the trim sets and the jamb that you want them to be set back. Specifically, we are going with a 3/16″ reveal in our scenario. Make a mark along the jamb all the way around to indicate where the trim will be installed. Take the measurements of the corners that you indicated. Due to the fact that this is the shorter distance of the trim, a mitered joint cut at a 45-degree angle to the trim will be required in order for all three angled cuts to be aligned at the corners of the door trim.
Once it is completed and in place, use the points at the section of the header trim as a starting point for determining the measurement of the trim at the sides of the door, as shown below.
In this case, repeat the process on both sides of the door (in separate rooms) to ensure consistency in the reveals that exist between the door jamb and the door trim
Step 11: Install doorknob and strike plate
This project has now come to a close!
Visit our YouTube channel for additional films in our Home Modeling Series, or read our other posts on the Best Online Cabinets blog for more information on this topic.
How To Install Split Jamb Pre-Hung Doors
ByTodd FratzelonDoors and Carpentry Finishes
Split Jamb Pre-Hung Doors
Installing a split jamb pre-hung door is a simple home repair job that takes only a few minutes. Every door in our new home, including the cellar doors, was ordered at the same time by our team of designers. The basement doors have been sitting in their original packaging in the basement for more than a year. They are finally being used. So I made the decision that it was time to arrange the basement, and today I began by hanging a couple of the cellar doors. As you can see, the doors in our new home are all six panel colonial textured hollow core doors, which is a style that is popular today.
When purchasing a split jamb pre-hung door, it is important to consider the type of casing that will be used.
Installing Split Jamb Doors
The first step is to remove the frame from the wall. Remove the front molding and jamb from the back molding and jamb by simply pulling them apart from each other. Observe that there is a slot in the main jamb that accommodates the back jamb, as seen in the photograph. The door has already been hinged to the main jamb and is ready to be used. After you’ve removed the jambs, you’ll be able to hang the main jamb alongside the door frame. Placing the jamb and door in the rough opening (I’m assuming you’ve previously constructed the rough opening; in this example, the rough opening is 2′-8 1/2′′ wide since the door is a 2-6 door (30′′), thus the rough opening is 2′-8 1/2′′ wide (usually, you add 2 1/2′′ to the opening width) You’ll want to position the door in the opening and make every effort to square it up as much as possible.
Because I’m building a door in a storage room, there is only drywall on the hall side of the door in this scenario.
As soon as the door is level and plumb, you may connect it to the wall with a few 10d finish nails.
The next step is to approach the situation from the opposite side of the doorway.
The door from the hall side is seen in the photo below, along with the slot that accommodates the remaining jamb.
Finish by nailing the casing with 10d finish nails one more time, and you’re done.
Assuming that your preliminary opening is the proper size and that you have all of the necessary equipment, this project should take no more than 10 minutes from start to finish.
In that case, the next time you’re in the market for a pre-hung door and you already know what the casing will be, I recommend that you check into a split jamb pre-hung door. The time savings are tremendous, and it saves a lot of money on trimming out the door.