What Is Interior Monologue

interior monologue

Interior monologue is a narrative technique that is used in both dramatic and nondramatic fiction to show the thoughts that are going through the minds of the protagonists. These thoughts and feelings may be loosely related impressions that resemble free association, or they may be more rationally structured sequences of thought and feeling. There are many different types of interior monologues, including dramatized inner conflicts, self-analysis, imagined dialogue (as in T.S. Eliot’s “The Love Song of J.

As inMolly Bloom’smonologue at the end of James Joyce’sUlysses (1922), it can be a direct first-person expression that appears to be devoid of the author’s selection and control, or a third-person treatment that begins with a phrase like “he thought” or “his thoughts turned to,” among other phrases like these.

Nonetheless, while an interior monologue may reflect all of the half thoughts, impressions, and associations that come into the character’s consciousness, it may also be limited to an organized presentation of the character’s rational thoughts.


What Is an Interior Monologue?

An inner monologue is the expression of a character’s thoughts, feelings, and perceptions in a story, and it may occur in both fiction and nonfiction settings. An inner monologue can take either a direct or indirect approach, ranging from a handbook to literature:

  • Direct:The author appears to be absent, and the internal self of the character is revealed directly to the reader, as if the reader were listening in on an articulation of the stream of thought and sensation that is passing through the character’s mind
  • (Harmon and Holman 2006) Indirect: The author performs the functions of a selector, presenter, guide, and commentator.

Interior monologues, whether from the author or from a character, can serve to fill in the gaps in a piece of writing and give the reader with a clearer image of what is being written. Interior monologues are frequently integrated easily into a piece of literature and help to retain the overall style and tone of the article. Other times, they stray from the path. Continue reading for some great instances of this amazing literary method.

Where Interior Monologues Are Found

Interior monologues may be found in every form of literature, as previously indicated. These sections of text, which appear in both fiction and nonfiction, serve to explain an author’s views and give context. These, on the other hand, might appear considerably different depending on the genre.


Interior monologue has long been a popular stylistic option among fiction authors, and it has remained so over the years. When taken out of context, these extracts appear to be ordinary—but when placed within a book, they are brief instances in which an author deliberately deviates from the norm.

  • I went into the reception area and glanced about. It was completely devoid of anything save the odor of dust. I threw open another window, opened the connecting door, and walked into the room behind it to continue my investigation. The room was furnished with three hard chairs and a swivel chair, an open desk with a glass top, five green filing cases, three of which were empty except for the calendar and framed license bond on the wall, a phone, a washbowl in a stained wood cupboard, a hatrack, a carpet that was nothing more than something on the floor, and two open windows with net curtains that puckered in and out like the lips of a toothless old man sleeping “It was the same stuff I’d had the year before and the year before that as well. Although neither attractive or gay, it is preferable to a tent on the beach.” Chandler (c. 1942) “It is amazing how much better silence, a coffee cup, and a table can be. And how much more pleasant it is for me to be alone, like the single seabird that raises its wings on the stake. Allow me to sit here for the rest of my life with nothing but the simplest necessities: this coffee cup, this knife, this fork, objects in and of themselves, and me being myself. Please do not come in and cause me concern with your indications that it is time to close the store and go. I would gladly give you all of my money if you would please refrain from disturbing me and instead allow me to sit on and on, silent and alone “Woolf (1931) defined formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formal


Tom Wolfe, the author, became well-known for his use of internal monologue. See what William Noble, author of “Writing Nonfiction—Using Fiction,” has to say about this in the section below. “When writing nonfiction, interior monologue is permissible, as long as there is evidence to support it. Our inability to enter a character’s thoughts is due to the fact that we assume, speculate, or surmise that this is what he or she would be thinking. We have to find out! See how Tom Wolfe accomplishes it in his book on the space program, The Right Stuff, to get an idea of how he does it.

Even though he was writing nonfiction, he wanted to get inside the thoughts of his characters.

During their conversation, the astronauts appear to be glancing at one another and raising their hands in the air.

He continues for a whole page, and in writing in this manner, Wolfe has surpassed the traditional factual approach; he has provided characterisation and motive, two fiction writing strategies that may help the reader feel as if they are walking alongside the writer.

It is possible to’see inside’ the brains of characters through interior monologue, and we know that the more familiar a reader is with a particular character, the more the reader embraces that character ” (Noble 2007).

Stylistic Characteristics of Interior Monologue

When an author decides to use inner monologue, they have a plethora of grammatical and stylistic options at their disposal. Professor Monika Fludernik outlines a few of these in the next section. “A sentence fragment may be understood as an inward monologue (direct speech), or it may be considered a component of an adjacent stretch of free-form indirect speech. Interior monologue may also contain signs of nonverbal cognition in addition to vocal thought. In contrast, more formal internal monologue makes use of the first-person pronoun andfinite verbs in the present tense, as follows: Helifted his feet up from the suction and was forced back by a mole of pebbles on the other side.

  1. My spirit goes behind me in a variety of shapes.
  2. I can see it whizzing by from where I am (Ulyssesiii; Joyce 1993: 37; my emphasis).
  3. To do this, he avoids using whole sentences with finite verbs in favor of fragmentary, frequently verbless syntagmas that replicate Bloom’s mental jumps as he connects ideas: Hymes is scribbling something down in his notepad right now.
  4. But he is familiar with all of them.
  5. What is the name of your Christian denomination?
  6. Bloom’s perceptions and guesses are verified by Hyne’s statements in this situation.

Stream of Consciousness and Interior Monologue

Don’t get confused between writing a stream of consciousness and creating an inward monologue in your journal. These devices are similar, and often even connected, yet they are unique from one another. Ross Murfin and Supryia Ray, writers of The Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms, provide the following explanation to make things a little clearer: “Despite the fact that the terms “stream of consciousness” and “internal monologue” are sometimes used interchangeably, the former is the more comprehensive word.

As a result, it allows the reader to experience the thoughts, feelings, and transient experiences of a character.


  • Raymond Chandler is credited with inventing the term “cybernetics.” The High Window is the most prominent feature of the room. Monika Fludernik, Monika Fludernik, Alfred A. Knopf, 1942
  • Alfred A. Knopf, 1942. An Introduction to the Study of Narratology Harmon, William, and Hugh Holman (Routledge, 2009)
  • Harmon, William, and Hugh Holman A Guide to Literary Criticism. The tenth edition Prentice-Hall Publishing Company, 2006
  • Murfin, Ross, and Supryia M. Ray are co-authors of this work. The Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms is a comprehensive reference work on literary and critical terminology. Noble, William, 2nd edition, Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2003
  • Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2003. “How to Write Nonfiction While Using Fiction.” The Second Edition of The Portable Writer’s Conference Quill Driver is a 2007 film directed by Virginia Woolf. The Ocean Waves. The Hogarth Press published in 1931.

Definition of interior monologue

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This indicates the grade level of the word based on its difficulty. This indicates the grade level of the word based on its difficulty. nounLiterature. a type of writing in which the inner thoughts of a character are expressed in a stream-of-consciousness style Movies,Television. It is the technique of presenting a character on screen who does not appear to talk, despite the fact that the character’s voice can be heard on the soundtrack, in order to give the impression that the viewer is listening in on the character’s thoughts.

EVALUATE YOUR KNOWLEDGE OF AFFECT AND EFFECT VERSUS AFFECT! In effect, this exam will determine whether or not you possess the necessary abilities to distinguish between the terms “affect” and “effect.” Despite the wet weather, I was in high spirits on the day of my graduation celebrations.

Origin ofinterior monologue

It was first documented around 1920–25.

Words nearbyinterior monologue

“Interiorism,” “Interiority,” “Internalize,” “Internal Lineman,” “Internal Mapping,” “Internal Monologue,” “Interior Monologue,” “Interior-sprung,” “Interisland,” “Interj.,” “Interjacent,” and “Interject” are all terms that can be found on Dictionary.com’s “Interject” page. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Random House, Inc. published the Unabridged Dictionary in 2012.

Words related tointerior monologue

  • The gunman appears to have fired the shot through the glass, according to the internal footage. One of its most senior officers is currently serving as Baghad’s minister of the interior. As more than 300 police motorbikes from dozens of jurisdictions drove by Justin, he peered through the gloomy inner window. In recent weeks, Isaacs has returned from the New Mexico desert, where he was filming interior sequences for a new television mini-series called Dig.
  • We exchange handshakes, and he instantly launches into a diatribe about jail breakouts and South American countries. The interior of the omnibuses was ornamented with a life-size replica of Mrs. Charmington herself
  • I don’t know much about the interior design of Kullak’s conservatory because I only attended his own classes
  • Yet, Intense contrast between the wide street and the contained stuffiness of the gloomy and crammed interior. The intensity of this drama, on the other hand, being internal, generated little outward disturbance that would have been noticeable to casual observers. We provide an etching of a type of pipe used by the indigenous peoples of Africa’s interior
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British Dictionary definitions forinterior monologue

An attempt to portray the mental processes of a character before they are transformed into regular patterns of speech or logical sequences in literature See also the concept of stream of mind. 2012 Digital Edition of the Collins English Dictionary – Complete Unabridged Edition (William Collins SonsCo. Ltd. 1979, 1986) In 1998, HarperCollinsPublishers published the following books: 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, and 2012.

Inner Monologue Examples: Characters’ Hidden Lives

Internal monologue, often known as inner monologue, is a literary method that may be quite effective. Character interactions are shown via dialogue, as are their converging or competing aims. Inner monologue allows readers to experience more personal sentiments and challenges. More information on how to use inner monologue efficiently may be found at:

First, what is ‘inner monologue’?

Taking the term “monologue” back to its origins, it literally means “single-handedly speaking”. In a play, and particularly in Shakespeare’s plays, a monologue (such as when the evil Iago inOthello exposes his wicked schemes) is frequently used to disclose a character’s private thoughts or intentions. Examples include the villain Iago inOthello and the protagonist Othello. A character’s innermost perceptions, wants, frustrations, and challenges are frequently revealed via an inner monologue in prose fiction.

How to use inner monologue in stories:

  1. Inner monologue can be used to expose unsaid thoughts
  2. Describe people from a certain point of view
  3. Demonstrate private issues
  4. Show one’s own perspective and thinking
  5. Demonstrate personal linkages

Consider the following suggestions for writing inner monologue in greater depth:

1. Use inner monologue to reveal unspoken thoughts

In narration, it is common for the protagonist-narrator to simply explain how they are feeling. Consider the following sentence: ‘I felt nervous as I approached the abandoned structure. Alternatively, if you’re writing in third person restricted point of view, you may say: ‘Luisa felt nervous as she neared the building.’ These phrases are perfectly acceptable. The intimacy of the situation can be enhanced further by having characters’ true thoughts intrude on the action. As an illustration, consider this passage from David Mitchell’s Cloud Atlas.

Her employer is yelling at her for missing a meeting:Grelsch gives her a cold, hard stare.

‘I dialed the number for the precinct where Sixsmith’s case was being handled.’ Cloud Atlas is a novel by David Mitchell (2004).

  • The authority Grelsch wields over Luisa as his employee – this demonstrates Luisa’s understanding of the power dynamic at play in this conversation
  • Luisa’s proclivity for inventing lies to get herself out of trouble
  • And Luisa’s ability to manipulate others to her advantage.

By showing Luisa’s unsaid thoughts in the middle of a discussion, the inner monologue here contributes to her character while also depicting her connection with her boss.

2: Describe others from a specific POV

Your protagonist can describe other characters simply in narration when they are the first-person narrator in your novel. Consider the following scenario: your character comes across a frail-looking individual and narrates, ‘he looked like he had a week left to live.’ In third-person restricted narratives, a brief internal monologue may be a valuable filtering method for sliding inside a character’s private thoughts and expressing their views of their surroundings. Consider the following example, which comes from Cloud Atlas: The elevator doors close just as Luisa Rey approaches them, but the invisible inhabitant seals them shut with his cane before they can close completely.

  • ‘Thank goodness the age of chivalry hasn’t passed away completely.’ He acknowledges her with a solemn inclination of his head.
  • What is it about this internal monologue that is so effective?
  • Second, it quickly and simply provides a crucial aspect about the other character’s physical characteristics.
  • In the moment, they should share their impressions, questions, and associations.

3: Show private dilemmas

Characters’ private issues and internal struggles can be shown through their inner monologue, which is quite effective. Crime and Punishment, by Fyodor Dostoevsky, is replete with instructive instances. Throughout the work, we are privy to Raskolnikov’s apprehensive and paranoid state of mind, which is described in detail. After murdering a pawnbroker towards the beginning of the novel, Raskolnikov is preparing to flee the scene in which this event takes place. Take note of how, despite the fact that the section is written in third person, the phrasing, which captures transitory thoughts, gives the feeling that we are inside Rodion’s head: Then, at the same time, numerous men, all chatting loudly and quickly, began noisily ascending the staircase.

Whether they stopped him or let him pass, all was gone; they would remember him; they were just a flight from him; and then, all of a sudden, deliverance!

Crime and Punishment in the Works of Fyodor Dostoevsky (1866).

This gives the scenario a sense of urgency and intensity (a sense of engaging involvement in the action). Internal monologue may be used in a similar way to portray your characters at critical decision-making crossroads as well.

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4: Reveal self-perception and mentality

The usage of inner monologue in a tale can be utilized to portray a character’s inner monologue as well as their preoccupations. For example, in a novel where a character’s major or secondary problem is coming to terms with their physical appearance, there may be a scene in which they are staring in the mirror and thinking: He shifted his weight and stood at an angle, sucking on his stomach. I don’t know how I ended myself in this situation. Consider the following scenario involving a character preparing for a job interview: He drew his chin up, tightening the knot in his tie just a little bit further.

He made a wink.

He made a serious expression on his face.

No way!

5: Show personal associations

Inner monologue may be used to demonstrate the personal associations that people have. Take, for example, this section from Virginia Woolf’s work To the Lighthouse, which has an interior monologue: But what exactly have I accomplished with my life? Mrs. Ramsay thought to herself as she took her position at the head of the table and looked around at all the plates with white circles on them. ‘William, please come sit next me,’ she begged. ‘Lily,’ she whispered, a sigh coming over her shoulder.

  • She sat silently, waiting for someone to respond, hoping that something would happen in the meantime.
  • To the Lighthouse, a novel by Virginia Woolf (1927).
  • Ramsay’s inner monologue argues that household life is associated with a sense of scarcity (‘she, just this — an impossibly long table’).
  • Take note, as well, of how Woolf:
  • Inner monologue is interspersed with speech and detailed description in this piece: We can see the ‘white circles’ created by the dishes, as well as the individuals seated around the table. Internal monologue is anchored in three-dimensional activity by the following: After she takes her seat at the head of the table and serves everyone, we get a glimpse into Ramsay’s thinking.

The ability to write compelling internal monologue will assist you in giving your characters depth and intrigue. When you become a Now Novel member, you will receive the book ‘How to Write Real Characters: Creating Your Story’, which contains character-writing exercises, advice, and checklists, as well as special video content.

What is Interior Monologue? Definition, Characteristics and Examples

It is an extended representation in prose or verse of a character’s unsaid thoughts, memories, and impressions that is rendered as if the reader has personally heard them without the intervention of a summarizing narrator, and that is prompted by conscious experience or arises from the well of the subconscious. Interior monologue is a phrase that originates in an essay on James Joyce written by Valéry Larbaud. The phrase is frequently used interchangeably with the phrase “stream of consciousness.” There is some disagreement, however, as to which of the two terms is the more general term.

Other critics believe that interior monologue is a broader category that encompasses all methods of self-disclosure, including, for example, some types of dramatic monologue; they also believe that stream of consciousness refers to an uninterrupted flow in which logic, conventional syntax, and even punctuation are abandoned at times.

However, although the English dramatic monologue, such as that written down by Browning and Tennyson, appears to be spoken, it is frequently the case that speech dissolves into reverie.

Projections of interior musings, often deeply ambiguous, are to found in the poems of Tristan Corbière, Jules Laforgue, Stéphane Mallarmé, Arthur Rimbaud, and Paul Valéry.

They, in turn, influenced the fiction of Edouard Dujardin, Dorothy Richardson, James Joyce, and Virginia Woolf, as well as the verse monologues of T. S. Eliot (e.g.Gerontion) and W. B. Yeats (e.g. the ‘Crazy Jane’ poems). Also read: Robert Browning’sThe Last Ride Togetheras a dramatic monologue

What is interior monologue? – eNotes.com

An author may employ the interior- or innermonologue approach for a variety of reasons, most of which are linked to characterisation. The author makes it apparent what a character (often the protagonist) is thinking or feeling by employing either first- or third-person restricted point of view, depending on the situation. When a character’s inner monologue is revealed, it displays his or her unsaid thoughts.

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Start your free 48-hour trial today to have access to this and hundreds of other answers. Enjoy eNotes without interruptions and cancel at any time. Get Free Access for the Next 48 Hours Are you already a member? Please log in here. An author may employ the interior- or innermonologue approach for a variety of reasons, most of which are linked to characterisation. The author makes it apparent what a character (often the protagonist) is thinking or feeling by employing either first- or third-person restricted point of view, depending on the situation.

  • As an example, here’s how it might look: Mrs.
  • If you want to improve my calculus mark, it’s going to take more than 5 points, woman.
  • Smith,” I answered, a smile on my face.
  • Consider the following scenario involving a young lady getting ready to go on a date: The doorbell began to ring.
  • You’ll come out as desperate.
  • This is really ridiculous.
  • I should have dressed a little more casually.

That’s great, you now appear uninterested.

Not every internal monologue, on the other hand, is italics.

Consider the following passage from the book Crime and Punishment: ” However, at the same time, a group of men, all speaking loudly and quickly, began noisily ascending the stairwell.

they were only a flight away—and suddenly liberation!

Author’s skill in drawing readers into Raskolnikov’s inner thoughts is seen in this chapter, which brings Raskolnikov’s concerns to life.

The eNotes Editorial Team has given their approval.

eNotes instructors provide one-on-one individual instruction to students.

The thoughts of a character are revealed through an inner monologue.

This provides the reader with a glimpse into the inner workings of the character who is speaking in monologue.

Interior monologue, on the other hand, is more commonly employed sparingly in film and television.

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Despite the fact that the novel is primarily narrated in third person restricted, King provides us with glimpses of the protagonist’s internal monologue, which consists of her attempting to calm down her innermost anxieties of dying in the woods, among other things.

The eNotes Editorial Team has given their approval.

In real life, we all experience internal monologues: the term “monologue” refers to the fact that there is only one participant in our thoughts, as opposed to the term “conversation.” Interior monologues can take many different forms in literature; they are not need to be written in the first person, but they can be.

  1. The monologue may have a specific theme, such as a moral dilemma or some other aspect of argument or perplexity; or it may simply be a portrayal of the ideas that pass through a character’s mind as they go about their day.
  2. While some monologues are related to the theatrical soliloquy, others are more akin to a character merely talking to himself or herself in a somewhat ordered manner.
  3. The most basic definition of an inner monologue is that it is a technique for an author to show the audience what is going on in the head of a character.
  4. In stream of consciousness writing, the author invites the reader to share in the experiences of a character’s thoughts, feelings, problems, and conflicts as they occur in his or her life and thinking.
  5. In addition, it is critical to note that this information is delivered without the involvement of the narrator; it is a plain, simple window into the mind of the character that is free of bias or judgment.

Take a look at the previous chapter for a really good example of how an inner monologue might be written in the style of stream of consciousness storytelling. The eNotes Editorial Team has given their approval.

What is an Inner Monologue?

Recently, you may have read some unsettling news that not everyone has an inner monologue, a continuous internal thought process that, if printed out, would appear to be a coherent train of thoughts and ideas that propels you through the day. In spite of the fact that some people do not have it in the real world, the inner monologue is an extremely important tool for actors to employ as part of their process onstage or on film. For one thing, what you might be thinking at any one moment isn’t relevant; what matters is how the character processes the information as it is presented to them, how they feel about the world around them, and most crucially where these lines originate from.

  • Are they reacting to anything someone said, is it a picture or recollection from their history, or is it something in their environment that they are noticing?
  • “The human person is a unity, an indivisible totality,” writes the famous Brazilian acting maestro Augusto Boal in his book Games for Actors and Non-actors.
  • It is likewise the case that Stanislavski’s study on bodily acts leads to the same conclusion, namely that thoughts, emotions, and sensations are all inextricably intertwined.” More information on the Stanislavski Method may be found here.
  • We all know that the physical and psychological are inextricably intertwined; you can’t pretend that you are experiencing thoughts and sensations about your body while truly thinking about the laundry.
  • Your thoughts and ideas must be assisting you in driving the emotional work of the composition.

An Example

Take a look at this clip from The Irishman: For the actress, this is a scene in which there is no conversation at all, correct? Simply said, action is required. Welker White’s character, Jo, has just been dismissed from her job, and she’s headed out to her vehicle. She gets in, enters the keys, and remembers the recent series of car bombings, which makes her fear that her car may be the next one to go off in. It was just a few weeks ago that we conducted an interview with Welker for the StageMilk Scene Club, and you can see the entire interview by joining up here.

  • However, for the purposes of this article, it is acceptable.
  • How does she know what is going on in her head?
  • Is there anyone in the vicinity?
  • Is it better for me to start it or not?
  • I’m praying to God that this will work.
  • This is because Welker allows herself to be immersed in all of this from moment to moment; she has a tangible and active inner monologue that is genuinely having all of the ideas I outlined, and we are able to witness them as they occur.
  • Here, there is a plot, there is a narrative, and it is Welker’s relationship to her inner monologue that helps us understand what is going on.
  • In our conversation, Welker went into great length regarding Scorsese’s direction and the small, fine details that he included that were really beneficial to her inner monologue work at the time of our discussion.

Also, take note of how much detail and specificity can be packed into 59 seconds of video! It was once mentioned to me by a great acting coach that it is the life that counts, not the lines, and in this moment, I couldn’t agree more.

Practical Application

To get started, check at some text and find out what the character’s inner monologue is, as well as how to incorporate it into the story. Here’s some Julius Caesar to get you started: Julius Caesar was a Roman emperor who reigned from 44 BC to 44 AD (Act 3 Scene 1) Please accept my apologies, thou bleeding bit of dirt, for the fact that I am meek and kind with these butchers. Thou art the ruins of the finest man who ever lived, and thou art a victim of the flood of time. Woe betide the hand who spilt this priceless blood.

To implore the voice and the utterance of my tongue) a request Men’s limbs will be cursed as a result of the following: Domestic rage and ferocious civil war will engulf the whole country of Italy, including: Blood and devastation will be so prevalent, and horrible items will be so familiar, that moms will be unable to help but grin when they see them.

  • With Ate by his side, fresh from hell, Caesar’s ghost is on the prowl for vengeance.
  • With carrion men, yearning for a place to bury them.
  • It starts here, before the opening line of the poem.
  • He is staring at the body of his friend and soaking in the tragedy that is unfolding in front of him.
  • Something along the lines of ‘Julius, what have they done to you?

When I see Caesar’s once-mighty figure being brought down by those conspirators, my mental monologue may be something like, “They tore his flesh out, look at this incision into his liver.” ‘It was only a few days ago that we were discussing how to make Rome a better city, and now look at him.’ In this manner, and so on.

After a time, you may let spontaneous thoughts to develop in your head as you go, but being explicit about your inner monologue, especially during preparation and practice, can provide you with some really lovely structure and organization.

However, in your preparation, you should go over the script line by line and ask yourself, “Why does my character say this?” ‘Where did this line originate from?’ is an essential aspect of script analysis on any text, whether it is for a film, a play, a commercial, or a digital presentation.

Once you have determined why they are saying something, you may actively participate in the cognitive process that is necessary to bring that section of the screenplay to life and bring it to life!


The inner monologue is defined as the thoughts that run through your head when you are speaking or listening in a scenario, and it is defined as follows: It is an essential component of remaining alive and present in your scene, and it can be quite beneficial in understanding the subtext and motives of your character.

About the Author

Patrick is a Sydney-based actor, writer, comedian, and podcaster who works in the entertainment industry. Patrick graduated from the Actors Centre Australia in 2014 and has since worked in film, television, and theatre in Sydney and Brisbane. He is now a member of the Sydney Theatre Company. Patrick may be spotted glued to the television watching test cricket at bars all throughout the country.

About the Author

Andrew Patrick is a Sydney-based actor/writer/comedian/podcaster/podcaster who works in the entertainment industry. As a graduate of the Actors Centre Australia in 2014, Patrick has been working in the entertainment industry, including film, television, and theatre, in Sydney and Brisbane for the past three years. In pubs all around the country, Patrick may be seen addicted to test cricket.


Recent Web-based illustrations Because there is no internal monologue throughout the film, the struggle isn’t quite as visible in the final product. 2022, according to Jo Livingstone of The New Republic, on January 7, 2022. Rodgers’ performance heightens the eerie atmosphere created by Feito’s internal monologue, which tells the story of a New York mother who is plagued by the success of her husband’s new mystery novel. 2021. —Marshall Heyman, Vulture, August 25, 2021 Liza’s inner tale, which is similarly dramatized and includes her narration (her inside monologue), is considerably more disturbed than the one on the surface.

  • 22 June 2021: —Nicholas Quah of the Vulture Ford possesses a natural ability to deliver agile internal monologues as well as an exceptional ear for the nuances and inconsistencies of human speech.
  • Coco Fusco’s article appeared in The New York Review of Books on March 24, 2020.
  • On February 7, 2020, the Washington Post published an article in which Penn Badgley reprises his role as Joe, the stalker-murderer bookshop manager who has sad eyes and delivers an unrelentingly pessimistic internal monologue.
  • Please provide comments.

Interior Monologue

R. GrayGerman 390/Comp. Lit 396/Engl 363/CHID 498/JSIS 488/Lit 298 R. GrayGerman 390/Comp. Lit 396/Engl 363/CHID 498/JSIS 488/Lit 298 R. GrayGerman 390/Comp. Lit 396/Engl 363/CHID 498/JSIS 488/Lit 298 The Literary Imagination in the Age of Freud On the use of stream-of-consciousness as a storytelling technique. ‘Les Lauriers sont Coupés’ (The laurels have been cut down), written by the French writer Eduard Dujardin in 1887, was the world’s first stream-of-consciousness novel. It was translated into English as ‘We’ll No Longer Go to the Woods’.

If so, are there any further narrative characteristics that stand out between Schnitzler’s use of this approach and those outlined in this article by Dujardin?

Is it fair to refer to stream-of-consciousness as the “paradigmatic Freudian literary style” when it is not?

Does everyone have an inner monologue?

JSIS 488/Lit 298 R. GrayComp. Lit 396/Engl 363/Chid 498/JSIS 488/Comp. Lit 396/Engl 363/Comp. Lit 396/Comp. Lit 396/Comp. Lit 396/Comp. Lit 396/Engl 363/Comp. Lit 396/Comp. Lit 396/Engl 363/Comp. Lit 298 The Literary Imagination and Freud’s Theory of Psychoanalysis In this article, we will discuss the use of stream of consciousness as a storytelling technique. Les Lauriers sont Coupés (The laurels have been chopped down; translated into English as We’ll No Longer Be in the Woods), written by the French writer Eduard Dujardin in 1887, was the world’s first stream-of-consciousness book.

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Does Schnitzler’s use of this approach appear to have additional narrative features that separate it from the components outlined above by Dujardin?

Can you tell me how well the internal monologue fits with the presentation of Freud’s notion of the dynamic, conflicting human psyche? Is it fair to refer to stream-of-consciousness as the “paradigmatic Freudian literary style” in this context?

Internal Monologue: What It Is, What It Means, and More

Have you ever had the experience of “hearing” oneself speak in your head? An internal monologue is a phenomena that many people have encountered at some point in their lives. Internal monologue, often known as “internal conversation,” “the voice inside your mind,” or a “inner voice,” is the outcome of particular brain systems that permit you to “hear” yourself communicate in your thoughts without really speaking or making sounds in your mouth. A widespread occurrence is the presence of an internal monologue; nevertheless, not everyone is affected by it.

  • Please continue reading to find out more about this psychological phenomena and what has been found thus far.
  • Imaginary pals can also serve as a conduit for inner voices heard during childhood.
  • It is believed that internal monologue aids in the completion of everyday tasks, such as your work duties.
  • It’s possible that you have inside ideas, but this is not the same as having inner speech in which you can “hear” your own voice convey them.
  • Corollary discharge, a sort of brain signal, is considered to be responsible for some of the control over internal monologue.
  • Even if you do not hear an inner voice, everyone experiences corollary discharge to a greater or lesser degree at some point.
  • Corollary discharge can assist explain why your own voice sounds one way when you speak out loud but may sound completely different on a recording or to other people when you record yourself.
  • It may also assist you in organizing your thoughts when you are unable to express yourself verbally.

Auditory hallucinations

Hearing your own inner voice is not damaging in and of itself. Nonetheless, some types of internal monologue might result in auditory hallucinations, in which the person believes they are hearing voices that aren’t truly there. A variety of mental health problems, such as schizophrenia, as well as neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s disease, are known to be related with auditory hallucinations.

If you are primarily concerned with self-criticism on a regular basis, your inner voice may have negative consequences as well. Such negative “self-talk” has the potential to negatively impact your general mood and self-esteem.

  • The most prevalent type of internal monologue is verbal, in which you essentially “speak” to yourself about your thoughts and feelings. Consider the following examples: you may chat to yourself about topics that are on your mind, or you might develop internal lists of things that you’d want to get done. Inner speech can be used to aid in the maintenance of working memory. When you’re preparing a speech or a presentation, you could find yourself talking to yourself in order to “play” what you’re going to say in your brain before you really speak it. It is also possible to have an internal monologue in the form of a dialogue with yourself, as an example. When you’re attempting to solve an issue, you can imagine yourself having a discussion with yourself in your brain
  • Internal voices can also manifest itself in the shape of tunes stuck in your head. Alternatively, you may imagine yourself watching a beloved movie or listening to a favorite podcast. It’s possible that you’ll “hear” your own voice moving over the words as you read a book.

If you’ve been informed that you’re being too harsh on yourself, you might want to explore listening to what your inner voice has to say instead. An inner voice that is persistently critical is not regarded “natural” or healthy, despite the fact that self-criticism is common and anticipated from time to time. During times of intense stress, it is possible to develop a critical inner voice. It can also be noticed in those who suffer from mental health issues such as anxiety and depression. As a result, your mind may engage in negative self-talk by criticizing your employment, social interactions, participation in family activities, and other aspects of your life.

  • In order to motivate yourself throughout the day, you may repeat brief words to yourself such as “I am worthy, I matter,” or “I can do this.” Every time you begin to hear negative self-talk, repeat one of these mantras (or create your own) to yourself.
  • In addition to teaching you how to eliminate negative ideas that do not serve you well, a meditation practitioner may educate you how to bring greater balance into your thinking patterns.
  • The majority of the time, internal monologue is not a reason for concern.
  • A mental health expert may utilize strategies such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to assist you in transforming negative ideas into positive ones, according to your needs.
  • Auditory hallucinations, on the other hand, may be a source of concern.
  • While a doctor is likely to recommend medicine, the specific therapy for auditory hallucinations will differ based on the underlying disease that is generating the hallucinations.
  • In this section, you will learn about inner speech, which is when you can “hear” your own voice play out phrases and dialogues in your head.
  • Some people may be more affected than others by this phenomenon.
  • While inner speech is generally seen as a “natural” activity, certain types of inner speech may be cause for concern.

This is especially true if your self-talk is too critical on a daily basis, or if you hear inner voices telling you to harm yourself. In such situations, it is important to seek the assistance of a mental health expert.

People Have Discovered That Not Everyone Has an Inner Monologue and It Has Sparked a Dialogue Online

Is it possible for you to have a discussion with yourself that takes place entirely within your head? Then you are one of many people who have an inner monologue —also known as an inner voice— that recounts your thoughts during the course of the day. However, did you know that many people do not have an internal monologue? As bizarre as it may appear to some, it is also strange for someone who does not have an inner monologue to fathom how that expresses itself. The topic of inner speech has sparked a debate on Twitter, thanks to the userKylePlantEmoji, who shared his own thoughts on the subject.

To put it another way, some people’s ideas are like sentences that they ‘hear,’ whereas other individuals only have abstract non-verbal concepts that they must intentionally speak.” And the majority of people aren’t aware of the existence of the other sort of person.” A lot of people had strong emotions to this on the internet, as individuals on both sides of the coin envisioned what life would be like if they didn’t have an internal monologue.

  1. Scientists have been debating the nature of the phenomena for many years.
  2. Lev Vygotsky, a Russian psychologist, was the first to propose that external dialogue may become internally internalized.
  3. The concept that external speech might become internalized is further bolstered by evidence showing the same portion of the brain—area—is Broca’s responsible for both types of communication.
  4. No, not at all.
  5. Russell T.
  6. Contrary to popular belief, people may not generally see themselves as being more verbal or visual in their communication style.

Whether you have a continual narrative playing in your brain or hear nothing at all, the argument raises some intriguing concerns about how we think and how we absorb information in our daily lives. If you happen to encounter someone deep in thought, you might wonder what they are thinking about.

KylePlantEmoji created a stir on Twitter with his information about inner monologues.

Fun fact: some individuals have an internal narrative, but others do not. That is, some people’s ideas are like sentences that they “hear,” whereas others merely have abstract non-verbal concepts that they must intentionally articulate to express themselves. And the majority of people aren’t aware of the existence of the other sort of person. — Kyle Plant Emoji (@KylePlantEmoji) posted on January 27, 2020.

The reaction was firmly divided between those we can’t imagine life without their inner voice…

It is not feasible for me to tell my inner voice to shut talking. It’s like, “Okay, now you have to be quiet.” Don’t even bother thinking about anything. Think absolutely nothing. absolutely nothing. Not. a knot. a garlic knot. a loaf of bread. I’m starving. Is Chipotle still operating at this hour? “I could always go to Target,” says the author. On January 28, 2020, ali (@Cinerdella) tweeted This is something I do as well. I’m pretty sure I go through at least five different possibilities of how a conversation will go before I actually have it with someone.

The following is from Ashley (@PopSixxSquish) on January 28, 2020: — PopSixxSquish||

If I didn’t have an internal monologue, I’d become really bored.

And those who can’t believe that some people have an inner narrative all day long.

In the past, I would undoubtedly assume that someone thinking aloud on television or passages of thought in novels were a metaphor or an example of artistic license. It never ceases to astonish me how many people think in this manner, rather than in terms of notions like mine. For me, ideas are distinct from words or images in that they are just thoughts. On January 27th, 2020, Alice Cann (@alicecann) tweeted: While sitting here attempting to picture what it would be like to have your own voice continually narrating your every waking moment feels like, I’m reminded of how grateful I am that my mind does not operate in this manner.

Tuesday, February 2, 2020, Toss A Coin To Your Skinner (@JeannaLStars) This is so out of the ordinary for me that I can’t conceive thinking in actual phrases while also hearing an internal monologue.

On January 27th, 2020, WitchyTwitchy V (@witchytwitchytv) tweeted

Learn more about why some people have an internal monologue in this video.

What is it about this silent GIF that allows 70% of people to hear it? If music causes you to experience shivers down your spine, you have a unique brain. People’s names are tasted by a woman with synesthesia, and a photographer analyzes his subjects’ brains to reveal how they truly want to appear.

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