How to Paint a Room in 10 Easy Steps
Are you thinking of painting a charcoal gray wall white? When switching from a dark to a light color scheme, you’ll almost certainly require more paint. Color marketing and design manager at Pratt and Lambert, Carolyn Noble, states that a dark color basis requires more paint than a lighter color base because of the difference in lightness of the color base. She advises priming the surface with a gray-tinted primer before painting the walls with a rich color to assist limit the amount of applications.
If you’re painting a heavily textured surface rather than a smooth one, Julianne Simcox, associate brand manager at PrattLambert, recommends purchasing a few more cans of paint.
Calculate the exact amount of paint you’ll require in order to avoid unnecessary journeys to the shop and wasting of paint materials.
5. Prep the walls and the room
Remove all of the furniture from the room since you don’t want to ruin your favorite sofa or that item Grandma gave you. If you don’t have enough space to move everything you possess, you may just push everything to the middle of the room instead. Prevent spatter from reaching the pieces by covering them with a drop cloth or lightweight plastic sheeting. Do the same for the floor and any cupboards or worktops that could be at risk of getting splattered. HGTV stars John Colaneri and Anthony Carrino, who are cousins, advise not to skip using a drop cloth because “paint will splatter, we promise.” The Colaneris and Carrinos are New Jersey contractors who have appeared on the HGTV shows CousinsUndercoverandKitchen Cousins, as well as The Build Up and Grand Design on Ellen DeGeneres’s Ellentube.
It’s critical to have a strong seal so that paint doesn’t go under the tape, and it should also come away cleanly once everything is dry, according to Colaneri and Carrino.
Remove the covers from the light switches and outlets, and use painter’s tape to shield the outlets and switches from paint drips.
How to Paint a Room
Time A busy day of work Complexity BeginnerCost$50-75
This step-by-step guide will walk you through everything you’ll need and how to plan and execute a painting job in the near future if you have one in the works.
- A gallon of paint
- Ceiling paint
- Masking paper
- Paint samples
- Paint stir sticks
- Painter’s tape
- A stin-blocking primer
- Trim paint
- TSP or another heavy-duty wall cleanser
- Two 6-inch 3/8-inch-nap roller sleeves
- Wall spackling compound
Project step-by-step (9)
- What is the first thing you should ask yourself even before you take up a paintbrush is: “How do I select a paint color?” You should go to your local home center or paint store and have them mix three or four sample colors for you. Make use of your color samples in various areas of the space to obtain a sense of the paint colors. Keep in mind that the hue will fluctuate dramatically depending on the lighting in the room.
Choose a Paint Finish
- The gloss finish is the most light-reflective of any paint finish and is also the most readily cleaned. Excellent for use on wood trim, cabinets, and doors. In places that need to be cleaned on a regular basis, a semi-gloss finish is slightly reflecting, durable, and practical. Excellent for use in kitchens, baths, closet doors, trim, and utility spaces
- And The satin surface gives a little sheen to it, which makes it easy to clean. Furthermore, it is ideal for high-traffic areas such as children’s bedrooms and kitchens as well as living rooms, entryways, and corridors. Matte and flat surfaces absorb light rather than reflecting it, making them ideal for use on walls that have irregularities in them. The perfect solution for uneven or textured walls in bedrooms and other areas.
Protect Your Floors and Furniture
- Use masking paper or painter’s paper to secure carpet and flooring around the baseboards, protecting them from paint splatters and spills. Drop cloths should be placed on the floor and over any furniture in the room you’re painting to protect it from getting dirty. For this purpose, fabric drop cloths are preferable than plastic drop cloths since they are less slippery.
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Prep the Walls and Trim
- It’s a good idea to wash all of the walls and trim with a heavy-duty cleaner such as TSP before painting and repairing. Getting rid of grime and grease will allow the paint to adhere better. Make use of an acuity light to examine the surface of the wall for flaws and other imperfections. Remove any nail pops and lumps that you may have discovered on the walls. Packle or patching compound should be used to fill up the gaps and cracks. Using sandpaper, smooth out all of the areas. Apply a layer of primer over the mended areas before painting them to provide a smooth finish. Remove the outlets and switch plates from the wall.
Paint the Ceiling
- If you paint the ceiling at this time, you’ll prevent getting paint splatters on your walls and trim. Fill a small container that can be held with one hand with approximately three cups of ceiling paint. Using a 2-1/2-in. angled paintbrush, paint the edge of the ceiling around the circumference of the whole space, starting at the center. (This is referred to as “cutting in.”) Paint the ceiling from one end of the room to the other with a 3/8-in. nap roller and a paintbrush. The paint should be rolled on in the same direction as the roller widths, with each row overlapping the preceding row. If a second coat is required, roll the paint in the opposite direction from the direction in which the first coat was applied.
Paint the Trim
- In the majority of situations, paint the trim first before moving on to the walls. Allow the paint to dry completely before taping off the trim and painting the walls. To paint the trim when the top edge of the trim is not broad enough to retain painter’s tape, start by painting the walls, allowing the paint to dry, then taping off the walls and painting the trim. The following are some items to consider before painting the trim. Is it only the trim that you’re painting, or are you also painting the windows and doors as well? The process of painting a door is significantly simpler if the door is removed beforehand. Make use of high-quality semigloss acrylic enamel paint and a 2-1/2-inch angled paintbrush to complete this project. Take your time, do a good job, and don’t rush through it
Tape Along the Edges
- Before painting the walls, run a strip of painter’s tape (not masking tape) down the edges of the trim to protect it. Placing tape around the perimeter of the ceiling will help to prevent brush and roller marks and will result in a very clean line between the walls and ceiling. See How to Choose and Use Painter’s Tape for additional information on this topic from Family Handyman.
Cut in the Walls
- If you cut in one wall at a time, you should immediately roll out the wall while the paint on the cut-in wall is still wet. The cut-in paint will mix much better with the wall paint if you follow the instructions in Step 4. As specified in Step 4, pour about three cups of paint into a compact container that can be held with one hand. A 2-1/2-inch angled paintbrush is used to paint the trim and baseboards, as well as the perimeter of the ceiling, and it should be used for this purpose.
- Pro tip: Wrap your brush in plastic wrap or place it in a freezer bag between cut-in coats to prevent it from drying out.
Roll Paint the Walls
- Make careful to swirl the paint thoroughly with a paint stick before you begin
- Fill the roller tray just a little bit more than halfway with paint — too much paint in the tray will cause it to overflow
- Fill the roller with paint from the paint tray and roll the paint on the wall from the baseboard to the ceiling, starting at the bottom and working your way up. Roll the roller back down the wall without reloading it to ensure that the entire wall is coated. Fill the roller with paint once again and begin a fresh row, this time overlapping the previous one. Fill in the entire height of the wall with paint. The edges of the roller have a tendency to leave paint build-up lines on the surface of the paint. Roll the paint back over the lines to make them blend in with the rest of the painting
Peel Tape and Clean Up
- Prepare the trim and baseboards by scoring along the edge of the tape where it touches them with a flexible putty knife before pulling the tape away from them. (See illustration.)
- Make sure to properly clean your brushes and rollers with hot, soapy water after each use.
How to Paint a Wall, Trim & Ceilings
Use a flexible putty knife to score along the edge of the tape where it touches the wall before pulling it away from the trim and baseboards. As shown in the photograph, ; Use hot soapy water to properly clean your brushes and rollers on a regular basis;
Preparing Walls for Painting
Preparation is the most important stage in achieving painting success. Check read ourPrep for Paintarticle for more information on these stages as well as some useful hints.
It takes one gallon of paint to cover approximately 400 square feet of wall or ceiling space. To calculate the square footage of each wall, multiply the length by the height of the wall and add the results together. Multiply the length (in feet) by 0.5 for the width to get the trim length (in feet). When in doubt about how much paint you’ll need, consult ourPaint Calculator for assistance. When you need more than one gallon of paint for your project, combine all of your paint in a five-gallon bucket to maintain color uniformity throughout the job.
The process of painting a whole room may take a couple of days, making it a good undertaking for a long weekend. Learn how to properly prepare walls for painting in order to ensure that your efforts are fruitful. Before you begin, gather all of your supplies and make sure that you have enough of ventilation while working on them. Should you start with the trim or the walls? Make sure you have a ladder nearby so that you can work from the top down. The ceiling should be painted first, followed by the walls and then the trim.
How to Paint Edges (Cutting In)
Follow these steps to become more familiar with the proper wall painting procedures.
Rolling on Ceiling or Walls
Follow these instructions to learn how to paint walls with a roller in the manner of a professional.
Painting the Trim
Follow these measures to ensure that your trim is in pristine condition.
Wall Painting Cleanup
Upon completion of painting, follow these procedures to clean up and your room will be ready for use.
Learn How to Paint a Room Without the Mess
Room painting, according to statistics, is the most popular of all home DIY jobs, but it is also the one that is most frequently mishandled. When it comes to room painting, “messing up” is a literal description, because the most difficult part is producing decent results without the paint flying everywhere and splattering, dripping, drooping, staining, and otherwise aggravating you. Paint may be done without making a mess, though, if you are patient and follow the instructions provided here.
Here are some preliminary measures to follow in order to paint without creating a mess:
- As much as you can, get the room as clean as possible. The less pieces of furniture and accessories you have in the space, the fewer difficulties there will be to painting without making a mess
- The smaller the area, the less time it will take. Electrical cover plates on switches and outlets should be removed. It is possible to re-insert the cover screws into the metal straps on the switches and outlets in order to prevent them from being lost. Place the cover plates in a secure place until you are ready to use them. This might also be an excellent moment to upgrade those outdated cover plates with more fashionable ones. If you need to remove paint and repaint the window hardware, such as the sash locks and handles, remove these first. Keep them in a secure location. If you are painting cabinets, you should also remove any cabinet hardware. Fixtures on the walls and ceilings should be shielded with tape or plastic, or they should be removed altogether. If you are painting the door, you will need to remove the doorknob and the latch strike plate. Remove the lock’s tape
- Plastic drop cloths should be used to protect furniture from paint and roller spatter. Drop cloths or sheets of plastic can be used to protect the floor. One sort of drop cloth that works well is one that has a plastic face linked to a textile layer that collects drops. In the event that any sanding has to be done, complete sanding and then thoroughly clear away any remaining dust
- All surfaces to be painted should be well cleaned and dried
- Make certain that there is adequate lighting in the space. If necessary, purchase or hire a set of floodlights. It is vital to have good vision while painting in order to prevent making a mess.
Concerning the use of painter’s tape: Some individuals believe that masking off woodwork and baseboards with special painter’s tape is an essential component of the preparatory process for painting. Others believe that tape is a hassle that is not worth the bother. However, if you are experienced and careful while handling a brush and a roller, you may not need to use painter’s tape. Margot Cavin’s The Spruce is a novel about a woman who grows up on a spruce grove.
Second, in order to get the greatest effects, the surfaces of the space should be painted in a certain order.
The ideal approach, according to expert painters, is to begin at the top of the room and work your way down, saving the fine detail work for the very end.
- If you’re going to use primer, start with the ceiling and work your way down to the walls and trim. Finish painting the ceiling with the last coat of paint. Surfaces of the walls should be painted. Paint walls with a paint roller for the large areas and a brush around the edges, as most people do
- Apply the roller paint first, then finish by “cutting in” around woodwork, along ceilings and baseboards
- If you are painting with a paint roller for the large areas and a paint brush around the edges, as most people do
- Baseboard trim should be painted
- Paint the trim around the windows and doors, as well as any other woodwork in the room. Cabinets should be painted if they are included in the plan. If painting the windows and doors is part of the plan, paint the frames of the windows and doors themselves. It is preferable to remove windows and doors from their frames or hinges and put them flat on sawhorses before painting them if at all feasible.
Margot Cavin’s The Spruce is a novel about a woman who grows up on a spruce grove.
Even while painting is a frequent home improvement activity, few people are aware that there is a specific process that produces superior results. Here are some pointers on how to use brushes and rollers with the least amount of mess.
- Make use of a roller cover that has the appropriate nap length. Rolling paint around on a roller with more nap than you need can cause it to spray paint all over the place. Long-nap roller covers are meant for covering rough surfaces
- Short-nap roller covers are designed for painting flat walls. Make sure that the roller coverings you use are made of the appropriate material for the paint you’re using. Make no attempt to save money by using low-quality roller coverings, since they will often leave lint in your freshly painted surfaces. Latex paints are best applied with high-quality roller covers made of synthetic textiles (nylon, dacron, or polyester). These are both affordable and effective. Oil-based (alkyd) paints should be applied with roller covers made of natural fabrics such as mohair or sheepskin. Blended coverings, which include both wool and polyester, provide the best overall performance for all paint types. They are more expensive, but they are a fantastic alternative for painting without creating a mess. If you are concerned about paint splatter from the roller, tape off the woodwork. Although rolling with controlled, slow strokes usually eliminates spatter problems, you may want to cover woodwork with tape and/or paper if you’re unsure of your technique or if you’re not planning to paint the woodwork
- However, if you’re unsure of your technique or if you’re not planning to paint the woodwork, you may want to use tape and/or paper to cover woodwork. Roll in slow strokes, starting with a “W” pattern to apply paint to the wall, then spreading it across the wall with horizontal strokes, and finishing with vertical strokes to finish the project. Spraying of paint may be prevented by using slow rolling strokes with the roller. Work in sections of approximately 4 × 4 feet in size, completely covering each section before going on to the next. Begin from the top of the room walls and work your way down to the bottom
Margot Cavin’s The Spruce is a novel about a woman who grows up on a spruce grove.
- Make use of brushes that have the appropriate sort of bristles. Natural-bristle brushes, which are often made of pig or horsehair, should only be used with alkyd-based (oil-based) paints, according to the manufacturer. Synthetic-bristle paint brushes should be used with water-based latex paints. It is recommended to use latex paints with brushes that are made up of numerous different types of synthetic bristles. Purchase high-quality paintbrushes. Attempts to save money by using low-quality painting brushes are not the best way to get a clean painting surface. Low-cost brushes may shed bristles into your freshly painted surface, and they are more vulnerable to drips due to the hairs’ less absorbency. Make use of brushes that are the correct size. In an attempt to paint as rapidly as possible, it is typical to make the error of using brushes that are too big. More control and less weariness will be achieved with smaller brushes, as will less mess. If you need to do delicate detailed work around woodwork, use brushes with angled tips (sometimes known as “sash” brushes). Flat brushes are the most effective for painting vast expanses of wall, but they are inefficient when used for delicate detail work. Place enough paint on the brush so that it barely covers the bottom one-third of the bristles. Set the brush aside to dry. Dripping paint will result if there is too much paint on the brush. Reloading the brush with little quantities of paint on a regular basis can significantly decrease mess. Take a pencil-like grip on the brush, not a hammer-like grip on it. Having more control over the brush allows you to “cut in” around woodwork and ceiling lines with greater precision and control. Draw the brush around the edge of the canvas rather than “on the flat” while cutting in. You should move your brush as though you were painting a line with a pencil, rather than grasping it tightly like a gardening tool.
Margot Cavin’s The Spruce is a novel about a woman who grows up on a spruce grove.
How to Paint an Entire Room in a Single Day
Do you have an area that feels a touch drab? Refreshing an old area by painting the walls a new, contemporary hue is one of the most efficient methods to make it look new again. Furthermore, because it is a job that the majority of homeowners can complete themselves, it is also one of the most economical. However, painting is not as simple as it appears, and there are some techniques to the craft. Take, for example, the preparation job. It is possible that you may have a serious problem on your hands if you do not complete this critical stage – an undercoat that shows through or peeling paint.
In addition to taking time and effort to correct, these sorts of blunders can also cost a large amount of money if you have to engage an expert to correct your mistakes.
Everything from materials to essential preparation to rolling evenly and even cleaning your brushes will be covered so that you may go on to the next activity on your to-do list will be covered in detail here.
1. Make a plan.
Before you ever consider picking up a paintbrush, you need devise a strategy. Consider it similar to cooking: you want to read the recipe completely before you start pouring stuff into the pot blindly; otherwise, you can get halfway through and find you’ve forgotten to include a key ingredient. Look this up: Is it necessary to repaint the ceiling as well? What about the edging and trim? Take into account your selections for the walls as well. Whether you’ll be utilizing a single color or whether you’d want to experiment with two colors (maybe on an accent wall) is up to you.
2. Select the perfect color.
When it comes to paint colors, the possibilities are virtually limitless. It’s a fortunate situation, since while you’ll almost certainly find exactly what you’re searching for, finding the proper shade may be a time-consuming procedure. Start by imagining what you eventually desire in order to steer your search. Do you have a warm or a chilly shade in your mind? Is a bright hue acceptable for your room, or would a neutral be more suited? – Once you have a broad concept of the direction you want to go in with your painting, you can start sifting through paint samples.
Colors frequently appear brighter once they are painted on the wall, and the amount of light in your area can have a significant influence on how the color reads. Choose a few contenders, and then go out and get some sample cans.
3. Paint a sample swatch.
Once you have your sample cans in hand, start painting swatches on the wall to see what you like. A 12-inch-by-12-inch square painted with two coats of color will provide you with a decent concept of how the color will appear in your area. If your space has both bright and shaded locations, it’s a good idea to place swatches in both sections because the final look will be affected by this. Another option is to paint two coats onto a foam board (which can be found at any craft or office supply shop) and stick it to the wall using masking tape.
Pro tip: For this sort of sample painting, a low-cost foam brush may be used well.
4. Calculate how much paint you need.
Many merchants include handy calculators that you may use to figure out how much paint you need to buy. Always double-check the container, but in general, a gallon of water will cover around 250 to 400 square feet, according to Rothman. And don’t forget that you’ll need a little more money in case you make any mistakes or touch ups.
5. Gather the right materials.
It’s a good idea to equip your toolbox with some combination of the following products, even though the surface and size of what you’re painting will directly affect the specific list of goods you’ll need:
- Rolls of painter’s tape, drop cloths, paint brushes (both angled and straight), a roller, a tray, a stir stick, and paint are all necessary supplies.
Other worthwhile expenditures are an extension pole, which allows you to store the ladder after completing the edging phase; a paint-can opener; and a pour spout, which reduces the amount of debris.
6. Prep the room for painting.
- To begin, dry-dust the walls from floor to ceiling and scrub any particularly gritty areas with a damp sponge or cloth
- Paint will not stick as well to a filthy surface as it would to a clean one (think fingerprints, soot, dust, cobwebs). Allow for drying time before painting
- Paint splatters and spills should be avoided on the floor and any furniture that cannot (or does not want to) be moved. When it comes to the floor, fabric drop cloths are preferable than plastic drop cloths since plastic may be slippery beneath your feet or worse, the ladder
- Removing outlet and light switch plates, and taping around any sections you don’t want painted (such as moldings, baseboards, or window frames) with painter’s masking tape or” Frog Tape data-vars-ga-product-sem3-brand=” ” data-vars-ga-product-sem3-category=”” data-vars-ga-product-sem3-id=”” data-affiliate-network=” ” data-affiliate=”true” data-affiliate=”true” data-affiliate=”true” data-affiliate=”true Using the latter, the Good Housekeeping Institute discovered that it creates a very sharp line and does not allow paint to bleed through
7. Prime the wall (or don’t with our handy trick).
When you’re attempting to paint an entire room in one day, the following might be a hindrance: It takes at least six hours to dry time to paint a dark wall with a light color (or to cover stains) after applying two coats of primer and two coats of paint to cover the stains. (If you’re painting in a particularly humid room or painting the exterior on a humid day, the process will take significantly longer, according to Rothman). Therefore, GHI suggests Benjamin Moore Aura, a self-priming paint (which is a cost-effective alternative to purchasing primer if you were intending on doing so).
You should be able to get away with two coats of high-quality inside paint.
8. Mix the paint.
Even though the paint is normally shaken for you by the retailer, a thorough stir will guarantee that your paint is properly mixed. For canned goods that have been lying on a shelf for an extended period of time, this is especially crucial. According to Rothman, you may also strain the paint, however this is an optional step. “It’s easier to remove contaminants from the paint can than it is to have them on your wall and have to correct it afterwards,” says the author.
9. Get rolling!
You’re now prepared to take part in the big event. For example, if you’re painting a room with two colors — stripes, for example — Rothman recommends starting with the lighter color first.
After it has dried, apply painter’s tape to the divider and then paint it with the deeper color. According to the professionals, if you’re painting a room in a single color, here’s how you do it using a roller and a brush:
- Use an angled brush or a sponge tool to “cut in,” or paint a two-inch swath around the edges of woodwork and the ceiling with a flat paintbrush to create a textured effect. It’s important to remember that these places should be taped off, as described in step five.)
- Take a paint tray and a roller and go to work. Use a 1/4-inch nap for smooth surfaces, a 3/8-inch nap for semi-smooth surfaces, and a 5/8-inch nap for rough surfaces – the incorrect tool will apply too much or too little paint, depending on the surface. Rothman recommends that if you’re using latex paint, you moisten the roller first.
- Fill the well of the paint tray to roughly a quarter of its capacity. Next, as you’re loading the paint, roll the roller back and forth in the well until it’s completely coated with the paint mixture. Finally, spin the roller back and forth in the upper section to remove any remaining extra material. Using the roller, fill in the remaining unpainted space in the center. Using overlapping W- or M-shaped strokes, paint the wall to get the most equal paint dispersion possible. Allow at least a couple of hours for the first layer to dry before applying the second. Place a piece of plastic wrap over the tray and the brush, contacting the paint surface, and place it in the refrigerator between applications.
Pro tip: Keep a damp towel on hand to clean up any new splatters. Remove dried droplets with a credit card or a plastic spatula to prevent them from forming.
10. Finish and clean up.
- Rinse your paintbrushes and rollers (if you aren’t throwing them away) under running water until the water is clear. Refill the can with the remaining paint from the tray
- Close the can securely by putting a paper towel over the lid and striking the lid edges with a hammer to ensure a tight seal. Remove the tray and rinse it. Alternatively, once the brush’s bristles have dried completely, place the brush back into its original paper wrapper to prevent the bristles from fanning out. Alternatively, try this DIY fix: Binder tape a thick sheet of paper around the bristles to keep them in place. Make sure to remove any masking tape before you retire for the night, taking it off at a 45-degree angle to prevent the finish from being torn.
Brigitte Earley is a model and actress. Brigitte Earley is a model and actress. Brigitt Earley is a writer and editor living in New Jersey who works as a freelancer. This material was generated and maintained by a third party and imported onto this website in order to assist users in providing their email addresses for further consideration. You may be able to discover further information on this and other related items at the website piano.io.
The Secrets of Pro Painters
Kevin O’Connor sits down with master painter Mauro Henrique to talk about painting techniques in this video clip. Kevin is shown how to wield a paintbrush by Mauro, who is a professional painter himself. Mauro then fills the brush with paint and demonstrates to Kevin how to paint a piece of baseboard in the appropriate manner. After purposefully dabbing paint across the wall, Mauro demonstrates how to clean it up before demonstrating the advantages of using painter’s tape on the wall.
How to Hold a Paint Brush
To paint like a professional, you must first learn how to handle your brush properly. Placing the brush’s handle flat against the back of your thumb while holding the ferrule (the metal component that binds the bristles together) between your index and middle fingers is a good technique for cleaning a brush. To use a slanted brush correctly, the tip should be on the finger side rather than the thumb side.
How Long Does It Take To Paint a Room?
A typical-sized room takes painters two to four days to paint, depending on the size of the space. That is the amount of time it takes to properly prep, prime, and paint a surface. It takes more effort, but when you step back and look at the end effect, you’ll agree that it was time well spent.
21 Tips for Painting Like a Pro
If an accidental brushstroke should happen to land on the wall, don’t be concerned; wet paint is quite easy to remove. If you have a moist towel handy, you may use it to wipe the wet paint off the wall by stretching the fabric over your index finger. Just make sure to tuck the extra cloth into your hand to keep it from coming into contact with the wet baseboard.
2. Even Pros Use Painter’s Tape—Sometimes
Even professional painters have to resort to the usage of painter’s tape from time to time. In order to preserve completed surfaces such as flooring and furniture when painting against them, they will frequently spread masking tape across the surface. When it comes to painting walls and trim, however, they generally eschew the use of masking tape in favor of their expertise and steady hands. The majority of us are capable of painting a space to a satisfactory standard. A seasoned professional, on the other hand, performs an excellent job.
3. Remove Everything From the Room
To begin, move everything out of the room. Every painter we spoke with had a horror story about the time he didn’t follow Rule No. 1. Bigger pieces of furniture can sometimes be left covered in the center of larger rooms, but if you are repairing drywall, says Chris Span, of Span’s Quality Painting in Mobile, Alabama, “Take everything out. Drywall dust goes everywhere.” Remove doors, light fixtures, and hardware, and label everything with masking tape. Also, invest in drop cloths. “It’s surprising how well a few drops of paint can cover a floor,” says Rich Maceyunas, of Maceyunas Painting and Wallpaper in Waterbury, Connecticut.
Buy high-quality drop cloths, such as canvas or paper-backed plastic. A note that, paint soaks right through lightweight fabrics and bedsheets. Plastic sheeting works, but it’s very slippery and doesn’t absorb drips.
4. Find, Then Fix, Cracks and Dents
Any little cracks, bumps, or nail pops will be visible under the light of an old lamp with a bare bulb held near to the wall. Carmen Toto, proprietor of C. TotoSons in Madison, New Jersey, fills tiny cracks and dents using painter’s putty or a lightweight spackle; he uses plaster of Paris for dents that are more than 1/8 inch deep and larger in diameter. When it comes to bridging over reoccurring stress cracks, Maceyunas employs a rubberized spray-on primer called Good-Bye Crack, rather than the traditional tape and filler procedure that most people are familiar with.
According to Toto, “don’t put spackle on wood because it just will not adhere.” Painter’s putty or a two-part wood filler, such as Minwax’s High Performance Filler, are used to repair damaged trim.
Some of our professionals sand all previously painted walls, regardless of their shape, in order to achieve smoother surfaces and better adherence.
5. Do the Sanding Two-Step
Using sandpaper not only helps to feather out cracked paint, but it also gives the following layer of paint more “tooth.” Instead of sandpaper, a sanding sponge can be used to achieve a glossy finish on trim. Sponges conform to the contours of the trim and last far longer than paper. Painter Brian Doherty of Richmond, Virginia, follows up with liquid sandpaper after hand-sanding to ensure that the surface is totally deglossed and free of gloss to avoid incompatibility issues when painting latex over alkyd paint or when he is unsure of the original finish.
6. Sponge-Bath Walls
Paint over dust is not recommended unless you want textured walls. TSP (trisodium phosphate) or a mild cleanser, such as Jasco’s TSP No-Rinse Substitute, should be used to clean the walls. The treatment Toto employs for smoke-stained walls is a 50/50 combination of bleach and water. Two buckets are needed to thoroughly clean a wall. Fill your rag or sponge with cleaning solution from your cleaning-solution bucket, then scrub. Before redipping the sponge, rinse it well in a second bucket filled with clean water before continuing.
7. Caulk All Cracks
Filling gaps with a paintable acrylic-latex caulk reduces drafts and restores the appearance of your trim to like new condition. The key to successfully applying caulk is to cut the tip slightly smaller than you believe it should be; too much caulk results in a sloppy mess. Also, instead of using a nail to break the inner seal, use a thin wire to prevent the nozzle from being stretched out. A dripless caulk gun, which automatically reduces the pressure with each pull of the trigger to minimize undesired leaking, is another an option to think about.
8. Pick a Powerful Primer
Primers aren’t merely diluted paint, as some people believe. In order to build a strong, even foundation, cover stains and guarantee that the topcoats of paint go on easily and adhere securely to the surface, they are prepared with special additives. John Weeks, proprietor of John the Painter in Mobile, Alabama, says, “Most people use latex primers, but the experts stick to alcohol and alkyd primers since they’ll cover practically anything.” The look of the topcoat might be affected by the primer.
According to Span, it is acceptable to spot-prime the ceilings, but not the walls, because primed spots will show through.
9. Buy Quality Paint
Glossier paints are often more stain-resistant and scrubbable than matte paints. A greater gloss, on the other hand, draws attention to any defects in the wall or in the paint work. “Eggshell gloss paints work well for ceilings and formal spaces, but for the majority of my clientele, I prefer flat paints rather than eggshell gloss. It is appropriate for corridors, children’s rooms, even kitchens and bathrooms “Toto expresses himself. Latex paints appear to have won over even the most picky artists, according to the evidence.
“Though we still use oil-based paints for restoration work, latex paints are fine for interior walls and new trim,” he adds.
“You should expect to pay $20 to $35 a gallon for a high-quality paint,” says Weeks.
Never cut corners on coverage; if you’re covering more than 400 square feet per gallon, you’re spreading the product too thin.
10. Supercharge Paint
The paint component Floetrol is used for latex paints, while Penetrol is used for alkyds, according to Dixon. “Modern paints dry too rapidly and are difficult to brush out,” he says. In his opinion, a few ounces per gallon of paint will help to reduce the drying process and make the paint more workable. Another issue is that of bridging. Dixon explains that “Latex paints build a skin.” “Removing painted tape can cause the skin to break, resulting in a ragged rather than a precise line when the tape is removed.” Last but not least, recording takes time.
Although mildewcide additives are available, our professionals recommend utilizing bathroom and kitchen paints that include mildew fighters built in.
Because remaining mold spores can survive beneath the paint and ultimately push their way through to the surface, you should carefully prepare the surfaces in the bathroom and kitchen as well.
11. Roller Rules
The ideal roller would be large enough to carry an entire room’s worth of paint, leave just the correct amount of texture, not spray or fuzz, and be simple to clean. Until someone comes out with the perfect roller, you may use these guidelines to help you pick the correct one. In addition to adding additional paint to the roller’s grip, Dixon explains that a longer nap will generate more texture on the roller’s surface. In the words of Dixon, “a 1/2-inch nap lamb’s-wool roller retains plenty of paint without imparting too much texture.” “Even less costly rollers can be effective,” Span asserts.
Despite these drawbacks, Maceyunas is adamant about the broader roller’s performance. “Instead of many hundred W and M strokes, the roller can complete an entire wall in a few up and down strokes,” he explains.
12. Use a Bucket
Roller pans are preferred by professionals over 5-gallon buckets with a roller grid. They can carry more paint than pans, and, according to Doherty, “it’s more difficult to topple a bucket.” A bucket also allows you to box, or mix, two or three cans of paint to prevent color inconsistencies when painting a large surface area. When working with a bucket and grid, dip the roller about a quarter of the way into the paint and run it over the ramp to work the paint into the nap of the fabric.
13. Work with a Painter’s Rod
A painter’s rod, also known as a pole, can help you paint ceilings more rapidly since it eliminates the need to climb up and down ladders. Furthermore, there is no need to stand immediately below the area you are painting, which means you will not catch every stray spatter of paint. A pole is also useful for securing items to walls and floors. Even though the experts were divided on whether a 4-foot or an 8-foot pole was the ideal choice for regular usage, they were all in agreement that a telescoping rod was the greatest option.
14. Buy a Better Brush
A quality paintbrush is essential for achieving a professional-looking finish. Despite the fact that an excellent brush costs $15 to $25, Doherty adds that you will realize that professionals aren’t as competent as you had previously believed. “A large part of their success may be attributed to the equipment.” Natural-bristle brushes are preferred by the majority of our professionals for oil-based paints, although synthetic brushes are recommended for all-purpose use. When selecting a brush, pay close attention to the bristles on the brush.
- The firmer poly bristles are more suited for external or rough work, whilst the softer nylon brushes used by Doherty are better suited for fine interior work.
- Brushes are available in widths ranging from one to four inches.
- “Use your common sense,” Maceyunas advises.
- Angled brushes make it easier to cut to a line and place more bristles on the job than a straight-tipped brush.
15. Load a Paint Brush the Right Way
After that, you’ll need to figure out how much paint to put on the brush. Mauro recommends dipping the paintbrush into the paint container just deep enough so that there is a two-finger breadth of paint on the end of the brush, as shown in the photo above. If you use too much paint, the ferrule will become clogged, which will alter the way the brush paints. If you use too little, the paint job will take an eternity. Once the paint is added, wipe a small amount of the surplus paint into the bucket.
They discussed how specialists paint rooms in order to help you work more effectively and get greater outcomes. Some of what you’ll read may take you by surprise. For example, their secrets will not reduce the amount of time required to paint.
16. Start Low and Work Your Way to the Edge
Painting baseboards does not need you to apply the paintbrush directly to the joint between the wall and the molding, as is the case with painting crown molding. Instead, start at the bottom of the baseboard and work your way up until the paint is flowing. Then, carefully work your way toward the seam, drawing the paint up to the joint with your finger. This helps to reduce puddling at the seam, resulting in much crisper lines on the final product. If the paint has collected in the area where you started, use the brush to level it out.
17. Double-Check Work
It is necessary to back-prepare or sand away any irregularities in between each layer of paint before applying the next coat. Check the surface with a light to see whether there are any drips, roller specks, or other defects.
18. Focus on Windows
According to Doherty, the ideal time to clean windows is first thing in the morning when you’re up and alert. “However, it still takes me an hour to complete a regular window,” she says. Starting with the inner sash, raise it and lower it until their positions are nearly reversed, then repeat the process with the outer sash. The bottom half of the outer sash should be painted first, followed by the entirety of the inner sash. Once the bottom sash has dried, reposition both windows to their original positions, but leave them slightly ajar to allow for ventilation.
“Windows takes an inordinate amount of time to tape,” explains Doherty.
19. Do Doors Right
The majority of painters have no issue painting doors while they are still in place, but they recommend that you rest the door on sawhorses and work horizontally instead of vertically. If you have a paneled door, begin with the panels and work your way inside from the outside edges into the center of the doorframe. “Be careful around curves because paint tends to puddle,” Dixon cautions. Apply a little “tip off” to the panel with an almost dry brush while the paint is still wet to finish it. The grain of the wood should be followed when painting the stiles (vertical) and rails (horizontal) of the railing.
Otherwise, you’ll end up with a glob of paint.
“Make certain that the door is completely dry before painting the other side or rehanging it,” advises Maceyunas.
20. Skip Daily Cleaning
Brushes and rollers are usually not cleaned unless they are going to be used the following day on the same work, according to most professionals. As Maceyunas explains, “Latex paint dries more slowly in cold weather.” To store rollers and brushes for two-day work, he wraps them tightly in plastic shopping bags and places them in the refrigerator.
Just make sure to let the roller get down to room temperature before reusing it, he explains. When it comes to cleaning roller coverings, it is nearly difficult. The majority of professionals purchase new coverings for each task.
21. Expect Touch-Ups
Accidents do happen from time to time. A inexpensive sponge brush will come in handy when you need to integrate a repair with the rest of the wall or furniture. Simply dab the paint on the canvas to give the appearance of a roller.
It is inevitable that accidents will occur. Preserve a low-cost sponge brush on hand in case you need to blend a repair into a wall or woodwork. Use a dab of paint to create the appearance of a roller.
- Dripless caulk guns are manufactured by Dripless, Inc.
- Floetrol and Penetrol paint additives are manufactured by Flood
- No-Rinse TSP Substitute is manufactured by Jasco Chemical Corp.
- Sandblaster Sanding Sponges are manufactured by 3M, Construction Markets Division
- Kilz is manufactured by Kilz, Inc. Total Purdy Corporation manufactures one primer, a high performance wood filler, and brushes and rollers. One primer is manufactured by Masterchem Industries. Bulls Eye 1-2-3 primer:William ZinsserCo
- Further reading:House Painting Inside and Outby Mark Dixon and Bob Heidt
- Wooster Brush Co. The Taunton Press published a book in 1997 for $19.95.
Special Thanks to the Following Painters
- Dixon’s Painting is the work of Mark Dixon. Brian Doherty of Doherty Painting in Missoula, Montana Rich Maceyunas of Maceyunas Painting and Wallpapering in Richmond, Virginia Carmen Toto, Carmen Toto and Sons, Waterbury, CT
- Chris Span, Span’s Quality Painting, Mobile, AL
- And Chris Span, Span’s Quality Painting New Jersey
- John Weeks, John the PainterMobile, Alabama
- Madison, NJ
How to Paint a Room
Color has a profound impact on everything. If you prefer a lack of color, that’s OK with me. What I’m trying to get at is that everyone knows you can instantly transform your dull, washed-out walls into dazzling depth (or wash away your décor sins with virgin white) by just picking up a paint can and getting to work. That is the magic of a fresh coat of paint: it completely changes your perception of reality. The reason for this is that painting is the most often undertaken DIY home renovation activity.
It is at this point that we come in.
In addition, you won’t have to waste time tape off every corner or going back over the same area with the touch-up brush like an amateur.
How to Paint a Room in 8 Steps
‘Carl Wiens’ is a fictional character created by author Carl Wiens. With its drips and slides, as well as its uneven lines, a badly performed paint job is simple to identify. The majority of the time, hurry is the root of the problem. However, with some rigorous planning ahead of time, many of the potential difficulties will be avoided—and the actual painting will be far less difficult as a result. Consequently, prepare a full day for preparation before you open your first paint can.
Where do you start when painting a room?
The optimum preparation begins with sanding and may occasionally necessitate scraping. Sanding scuffs up the existing surface, allowing the paint to adhere better; scraping will remove any lumps or drips that have formed over time. Keep in mind that lead paint, which was last marketed in the early 1980s, may be hidden behind several layers of paint; sanding is unlikely to find it, but scraping may. You should also take your time mending holes and caulking gaps, as well as washing dust or grease off the surface with soap and water, so that you begin with a fresh canvas.
Priming and Sanding Walls Before Painting
It is also necessary to prime if you are working with freshly painted walls or if you have fixed any holes before you begin. When applied correctly, primer fills in spongelike pores and gives an even, sturdy base that is ideally suited for painting. If you’re transitioning from a dark to a bright hue or vice versa, you should prime as well. (In the latter situation, ask the paint retailer to tint the primer to match the color of your wall.) If nothing else, it will save you at least one coat of paint later on.
Sand the primer before applying the paint to the wall, and if you want a professional-looking finish, sand between layers of paint as well.
Use The Right Brush and Strokes
First-time painters have a tendency to tape every edge to protect themselves from making mistakes. However, if paint bleeds under the tape or if you tear paint off when removing the tape, this can create its own set of difficulties. It is more economical to utilize angled brushes, which when turned on their side create a straight line rather than a curved one. An angled brush, when used correctly, may save you hours of setup and touch-up time. In addition, angled brushes are useful for cutting in along corners and ceilings, and for trimming around trim, where rollers can leave marks.
Avoid dark stains or paint pulls by keeping the edge damp.
Then start to work on it.
Finally, take a lesson from the professionals and always have a moist towel in your pocket to swiftly wipe up any messes that you may have made in the past.
Step 1: Cover Floors and Hardware
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- Using canvas tarps (which are more absorbent and less slippery than plastic) to cover furniture and the floor after removing any wall art and moving furniture away from the walls, you may finish the job. Using painter’s tape, secure the edges of the paper
- Remove all switch plates and electrical outlet covers from their sockets, then use painter’s tape to cover the remaining switches and holes. Other hardware that cannot be removed should be taped around
- After removing the electrical covers, replace the screws on the fixtures to ensure that they do not go misplaced.
Step 2: Sand all Surfaces
Kolin Smith is a young man who has a lot of potential. Always complete the sanding and painting of the ceiling (using the same procedures as before) before moving on to the walls.
- Sand the walls using a pole sander equipped with 120-grit paper using a circular motion (make sure to wear a dust mask). Start at the top and work your way down using a side-to-side motion with your sander
- Apply medium pressure, taking care not to allow the head to droop and scrape the wall while doing so. When the grit becomes blocked with dust, it is necessary to replace the paper. Make use of a scraper to remove any lumps or drips from painted molding. Once the surface has been roughened with a moist coarse-grit sanding sponge, finish by sanding it again. Keep a pail of warm water handy and use it to rinse the sponge on a regular basis. Finish with a fine-grit sponge that has been wet. Remove all of the dust from the walls and trim by vacuuming with a wet/dry vacuum. The walls should be washed with a sponge and warm water mixed with dish soap
- Spots that are oily or waxy should be scrubbed. Once more, use clean water to wipe everything down.
Step 3: Fill Gaps and Holes
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- Caulk any gaps where the molding meets the wall with a thin bead of caulk. To apply caulk, wet your finger and smooth it into the crack with even pressure, pressing it into the crack and leaving a sharp edge. Fill up any minor divots or holes in the walls using putty knife, if necessary. Patching compound should be used for plaster and joint compound should be used for drywall. Sand the filling down until it is completely smooth with 120-grit sandpaper
- Prep the mended areas (or the entire wall, if necessary) with primer. Using 120-grit sandpaper, lightly sand the primed surfaces and wash away any dust with a moist sponge
Step 4: Cut in Around Edges
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- To load the brush, dip it into a pail of paint and only fill the paint up to a third of the way up the bristles (as seen). Tap off the excess on the bucket’s side rather than wiping it away. Use the brush to cut in a 2 to 3-inch band of paint around all of the corners, up against the ceiling, and close to molding
- This will allow the roller some breathing room so that it doesn’t bump into other places.
Step 5: Run a Line of Paint along the Wall
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- To cut in, paint a line down the edge of the wall about an inch away from the perimeter of the room. Afterwards, flip the brush over to the bristle tips and press down gently so that the longest bristles come together into a point
- Draw a precise line of paint all the way up the wall to meet the trim
- This is the starting point. Remove any thick patches or drips once you have a clear line in place, then proceed on to the next step. Work in little sections at a time in order to maintain a moist edge.
Step 6: Roll the Walls
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- Using a roller, fill in the field surrounding the entire wall area after you’ve cut it in with the saw. Apply a small layer of water to the roller before applying it (for latex paint, or paint thinner for oils)
- Pour just enough paint into a tray to cover the roller and allow it to reach the grate. Roll it back and forth on the grating to disperse the paint and squeeze off any remaining excess
- Make certain that the roller is thoroughly coated before beginning to paint with it.
Step 7: Cover Floors and Hardware
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- Roll the paint on the wall in a W or M pattern to evenly spread the majority of the paint. Use overlapping vertical strokes to evenly distribute the paint in between the lines, and then repeat the process. Continue to paint the wall in this manner until it is completely covered with paint. In order to eliminate any obvious brush strokes, overlap a little portion of the cut-in edges. A second layer may be required
- In this case, wait until the paint is dry to the touch before doing Steps 5 and 6.
Step 8: Paint the Trim
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- The majority of the trim should be painted with a large, straight-edged brush when it comes to broad moldings, such as baseboards and wainscoting. Afterwards, gently paint a straight line down the edge of the canvas using a tiny, angled sash brush (1- to 2-inch in diameter). Using a sliver of paint to make up for any faults in the molding itself, hold the brush on edge like you did in Step 5 and allow a hairline of paint to carry over onto the wall.